Choosing or changing a major is a common advising conversation. If a student is unsure that they are have chosen the correct major, help them evaluate their interests, talents, and goals, as well as explore their options.
While students are not required to take a minor, many choose to declare one and may ask your input on the value of adding a minor and how to go about choosing the best minor to suit their interests and complement their major.
Minors round out a student's academic program and add depth to a particular area of study. They can be excellent resume builders and students often find it useful to discuss the merits of one minor or another with their faculty advisor.
A minor does not take the place of gaining leadership experiences through clubs and activities, extra-curriculars or internships. If adding a minor means students cannot spend time getting involved on campus or if the work load limits time for internships, then a minor is not the right choice.
Instead, discuss adding special courses of interest to fulfill open credits that will add to a student's interest areas and round out their experience without becoming overwhelmed.