We all know we have the right to privacy, but how is it protected in different jurisdictions? How do 21st century technologies affect our privacy? Where’s the balance between privacy and security in the age of terrorism?

Book Review

"In Privacy in the 21st Century Alexandra Rengel offers an assessment of the international right to privacy within both a historical and modern context. The book explores the underpinnings of privacy in religion, philosophy, and the law. The author explores the evolution of the legal concept of the right to privacy and offers a comparative law analysis of the global protections of privacy offered by individual states, international agreements, and recognized international legal norms."

"The author peers into the future of privacy, the technologies which affect the right to privacy, and the ways in which privacy may be protected in the future within the domestic and international law contexts. The author offers her insightful views on possible solutions to counteract encroachments on the right to privacy."


150Dr. Alexandra Rengel, LLM/JSD is a partner in the firm of Mercado & Rengel with offices in Miami, Boston and Madrid. Dr. Rengel is a member of the Florida and Massachusetts Bars as well as the Ilustre Colegio de Abogados of Madrid, Spain, and has broad experience as a litigator in the United States at the trial and appellate levels in both State and Federal Courts.


Alexandra Rengel obtained her Bachelor’s Degree (B.A) from Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts, and her Juris Doctorate (J.D.) from Boston University, in Boston, Massachusetts. She holds a Masters in Spanish Law from the Universidad de Alcalá de Henares (LL.M.) and a Masters of law in Intercultural Human Rights (LL.M.) from Saint Thomas University School of Law in Miami, Florida. In 2013, Ms. Rengel obtained a Doctorate of Juridical Science Degree (J.S.D.) from St. Thomas University School of Law in Miami, Florida; having obtained the highest grade of Summa Cum Laude for her Doctoral Dissertation.

Dr. Rengel currently works in her law practice, dividing her time between her offices in Spain and the United States. She also teaches at the Madrid Campus of Suffolk University as well as the M.B.A. programs of Schiller International University and Comillas Pontifical University in Madrid, Spain. Dr. Rengel also imparts seminars on International Business Law and Transnational Dispute Resolution. She has most recently lectured at the University of Toulouse, in France, and at the Ilustre Colegio de Abogados de Zaragoza, in Zaragoza, Spain.

In addition to her work with clients and her academic endeavors, Dr. Rengel is the vice-president of Fundación Maria Madrid a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide parents with educational resources, mentorship, psychological support, and the tools needed to help them achieve family success. In this regard, Dr. Rengel recently participated as a speaker at a seminar followed by a round table discussion for parents and educators on the “Benefits and Risks of New Communication Technologies for Children and Young Adults” held in Granada on February 20, 2014.