Biology

Biology Major Requirements

Learn more about this major

Degree Requirements - 126 credits

Students can earn a bachelor of arts degree with this major.  See the requirements for the bachelor of arts degree.

Students can earn a bachelor of science degree with this major.  See the requirements for the bachelor of science degree.

Major Requirements: 19 courses and their corresponding laboratories, 69-70 credits

Concentrations in biotechnology, marine science, and health careers are also available. A Biology major must take courses in biology plus designated related science and math courses, in addition to the all-college requirements.

Core Requirements (13 courses and their corresponding laboratories where applicable, 46 credits)

Biology Requirement (6 courses and corresponding laboratories where applicable, 18 credits)

Prerequisites:

CAS 101. CAS students only. SBS students by special permission. Restricted to the following majors: Art History, Asian Studies, Biology, Economics, English, French, History, Humanities, International Economics, Music History, Philosophy, Physics, Radiation Science, Spanish, and Undeclared. Instructor consent required for all other majors.

Credits:

1

Description:

This course engages students in the early stages of career planning. Students will explore their interests, skills, values, and strengths, which will allow them to begin setting appropriate goals for professional development. Once students understand themselves in relation to the world of work, they will learn how to research careers and employment paths that fit with their goals.

Prerequisites:

Must take BIO L111 concurrently

Credits:

3

Description:

Explanation of key biological structures and reactions of the cell. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some non-biology science majors. This course is not recommended for the non-science student.

Prerequisites:

Concurrently with BIO 111

Credits:

1

Description:

Sessions are designed to familiarize the student with biological molecules, and the techniques used in their study. The techniques covered include basic solution preparation, separation and quantification of molecules, enzyme catalysis,and cell isolation.

Prerequisites:

Must take BIO L114 concurrently.

Credits:

3

Description:

Rigorous introduction to organismal biology emphasizing evolution, phylogenetics, form, and function. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some non-biology science majors. This course is not recommended for the non-science student.

Prerequisites:

Must take BIO 114 concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

A series of laboratory experiences in evolution, diversity, anatomy and physiology.

Prerequisites:

BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114; BIO L274 concurrently;

Credits:

3

Description:

An examination of the basic principles of genetics in eukaryotes and prokaryotes at the level of molecules, cells, and multicellular organisms, including humans. Topics include Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance, structure and function of chromosomes and genomes, biological variation resulting from recombination, mutation, and selection, and population genetics.

Prerequisites:

BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, and BIO-L114. Must be taken concurrently with BIO 274.

Credits:

1

Description:

Experiments designed to demonstrate principles presented in lecture, using a range of genetic model organisms that include E. coli, B. subtilis, S. cerevisiae, D. melanogaster, S. fimicola, and C. elegans.

Prerequisites:

BIO-114/L114; BIO-L333 concurrently;

Credits:

3

Description:

Areas of study include but are not limited to basic principles of population biology, community ecology, trophic dynamics, ecosystem structure and function and evolutionary theory.

Prerequisites:

BIO-114, BIO-L114, and BIO-333 concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

Field and laboratory experiences in techniques and concepts relevant to ecological theory, data collection, statistical analysis, visual representation and report preparation.

Prerequisites:

Senior standing

Credits:

1

Description:

The purpose of this class is to provide senior biology majors with the skills to land a job in the biological sciences, including locating open positions, preparing an application, and performing well in an interview. Students will be guided through the preparation of application materials, participate in mock interviews, and develop skills to navigate a professional workplace environment. Students will also participate in a mandatory senior assessment exam to assist departmental curricular development.

Chemistry Requirement (4 courses and corresponding laboratories where applicable, 16 credits)

Prerequisites:

Placement at MATH 104 or better. Students who do not place at MATH 104 must take MATH 104 concurrently. Must be taken concurrently with CHEM-L111.

Credits:

3

Description:

Fundamental principles of chemistry are discussed. Introduces atomic structure, stoichiometry, the periodic table, the nature of chemical bonds, and chemical reactions. This course is recommended for science majors or those considering careers in the health sciences.

Prerequisites:

MATH-104 MATH-108 MATH-121 MATH-128 MATH-130 MATH-134 MATH-164 MATH-165 MATHT-MPEL1 MATHT-MPEL2 or MATHT-MPEL3. Must be taken concurrently with CHEM 111.

Credits:

1

Description:

"Introduces the basic principles of chemistry through ""discovery"" laboratory experiments. Learn safe laboratory practices and basic techniques such as determining mass and volume\"

Prerequisites:

CHEM 111/L111; CHEM-L112 must be taken concurrently. MATH 104 placement or higher.

Credits:

3

Description:

This course is a continuation of General Chemistry I. Fundamental principles of chemistry are discussed. Introduces thermochemistry, gases, solution chemistry, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acid-base systems, and thermodynamics.

Prerequisites:

CHEM-111/L111; CHEM-112 must be take concurrently. MATH-104 placement or higher.

Credits:

1

Description:

This course is a continuation of General Chemistry I Laboratory. Apply the basic principles of chemistry through discovery laboratory experiments with an emphasis on quantitative analysis. Execute basic analytical techniques such as the application of Beer's Law and acid-base titrations. This laboratory is designed around the foundational laboratory skills practiced by science students in a wide variety of majors.

Prerequisites:

CHEM 112 and CHEM-L112. CHEM-L211 must be taken concurrently.

Credits:

3

Description:

Introduces basic theories of structure, bonding, and chemical reactivity as specifically applied to modern organic chemistry. Includes functional groups, acid/base chemistry, nomenclature, resonance, spectroscopy, and stereochemistry.

Prerequisites:

CHEM-112 and CHEM-L112. Must be taken concurrently with CHEM 211.

Credits:

1

Description:

Introduces synthetic organic chemistry techniques. Includes melting point determination, distillation, crystallization, extraction, chromatographic separations, and infrared spectroscopy. Discusses experimental design within the context of green organic chemistry.

Prerequisites:

CHEM 211 and CHEM L211. Must take CHEM-L212 concurrently.

Credits:

3

Description:

Builds on the core competencies acquired in Organic Chemistry I. Includes detailed mechanistic discussions of substitution, elimination, and addition reactions. Emphasizes organic synthesis, structure determination, and spectroscopy.

Prerequisites:

CHEM-211 and CHEM-L211. Must be take CHEM-212 concurrently.

Credits:

1

Description:

Builds on the core competencies acquired in Organic Chemistry Laboratory I. Emphasizes the characterization of organic molecules via nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Discusses experimental design within the context of green organic chemistry.

Math Requirement (1 course, 4 credits)

Choose one Mathematics course:

Prerequisites:

MATH-104, MATH-121 or MATH level 4

Credits:

4

Description:

A one-semester introduction to differential and integral calculus. Theory is presented informally and topics and techniques are limited to polynomials, rational functions, logarithmic and exponential functions. Topics include a review of precalculus, limits and continuity, derivatives, differentiation rules, applications of derivatives to graphing, minima/maxima, applications of the derivative, marginal analysis, differential equations of growth and decay, anti-derivatives, the definite integral, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, and area measurements. This course cannot be used to satisfy core or complementary requirements by students majoring in chemistry, computer science, engineering, mathematics, or physics. Several sections offered each semester.

or any higher level Mathematics course

Physics Requirement (2 courses and corresponding laboratories, 8 credits)

Choose one of the following sequences:

Prerequisites:

Take MATH-121 or MATH-134 or MATH-165 or permission of Physics department chair; PHYS-L111 taken concurrently

Credits:

3

Description:

Introduction to the fundamental principles of physics. Study of kinematics, vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, energy and work, momentum,heat and thermodynamics, kinetic theory. The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course.

Prerequisites:

PHYS 111 concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

Introduction to the fundamental principles of physics. Study of kinematics, vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, energy and work, momentum,heat and thermodynamics, kinetic theory. The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks and formal reports required.

Prerequisites:

PHYS-111 and PHYS-L11. Must be taken concurrently with PHYS-L112.

Credits:

3

Description:

Continuation of the fundamental principles of physics. Study of simple harmonic motion, waves, fluids, electric forces and fields, electric potential, DC circuits, electromagnetic induction, magnetic fields, AC circuits, introduction to optics, introduction to atomic, nuclear and particle physics.

Prerequisites:

PHYS 111 and PHYS L111; PHYS 112 must be taken concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

Continuation of the fundamental principles of physics. Study of simple harmonic motion, waves, fluids, electric forces and fields, electric potential, DC circuits, electromagnetic induction, magnetic fields, AC circuits, introduction to optics, introduction to atomic, nuclear and particle physics. The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks, and formal reports required.

Or

Prerequisites:

MATH-121 or higher (previously or concurrently) and PHYS L151 concurrently

Credits:

3

Description:

PHYS 151 is the first of three courses (PHYS 151, 152, 153) that comprise the calculus based introductory physics sequence at Suffolk University intended for students majoring in the physical sciences, engineering and mathematics. This course aims to teach basic techniques in physics that fall under the topic of classical mechanics and their application in understanding the natural world. Specific topics include the study of vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, fluid mechanics, simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, sound and hearing. The student will learn how to analyze physical situations by using simple models, and also how to solve those models and derive useful conclusions from them. This course will show students how experimental results and mathematical representations are combined to create testable scientific theories, and how the complexities of most real-life physical situations can be reduced to simple problems by identifying the essential physical features and ignoring the rest. The student will learn to distinguish the scientific approach to physical situations from other ways of looking at them, for example, artistic, humanistic, and business.

Prerequisites:

MATH 121 or higher (previously or concurrently) PHYS 151 concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: measurements, propagation of errors, vectors, Newton's laws, work and energy, momentum, rotations, oscillations, simple harmonic motion, fluid. Knowledge of algebra, trigonometry, differentiation and integration required.

Prerequisites:

PHYS-151 and PHYS-L151. Must be taken concurrently with PHYS-L152.

Credits:

3

Description:

This calculus based course begins with topics in kinetic theory and the laws of thermodynamics. It then covers electric charge and field, Gauss' law, electrical potential and capacitance, electric currents and DC circuits. Next magnetism, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law and AC circuits are discussed. This is followed by Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and properties of light.

Prerequisites:

PHYS 151 and L151 and PHYS 152 must be taken concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: heat, gas laws, electric forces, field, and potential, DC and AC circuits, magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, optics. Calculus, algebra, trigonometry are required. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks, and formal reports required.

Divisional Requirements (3 courses, 11-12 credits)

Molecular/Cellular Biology Requirement (1 course, 4 credits)

Choose one of the following and its corresponding laboratory where applicable from the Molecular/Cellular division:

Prerequisites:

BIO 111, L111 and BIO 114, L114 and CHEM 111, L111

Credits:

4

Description:

The course is designed as an application base educational experience that will allow students to learn the standard techniques associated with successful cell culture. As such, students are responsible for the maintenance, propagation, isolation, and preservation of their cells. A number of cell types and experimental manipulations of the cultures are investigated throughout the semester.

Prerequisites:

BIO-111 and BIO-L111; BIO-L285 concurrently;

Credits:

3

Description:

Viruses and bacteria are surveyed in terms of their ecology, biochemistry, taxonomy, molecular biology and control.

Prerequisites:

BIO 111/L111; BIO 285 concurrently;

Credits:

1

Description:

Introduction to microbiological techniques and their applications to health, research and industry.

Prerequisites:

BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, BIO-L114, BIO-274, and BIO-L274

Credits:

4

Description:

An examination of molecular and cellular mechanisms that lead to the development of cancer. Factors contributing to tumorgenesis, angiogenesis, and metastasis will be discussed; these factors, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, and signal transduction networks. In addition, an investigation of current strategies for cancer prevention and treatment will be considered.

Prerequisites:

Take BIO-274

Credits:

4

Description:

The concept of immunity, response to infection, structure of the immune system, biochemistry of immunoglobins, antigen-antibody interactions, allergy, immunological injury, lymphocyte subpopulations and cellular immunity, tolerance suppression and enhancement. Taught alternate/even years.

Prerequisites:

BIO-274 and BIO-L274 or BIO-285 and BIO-L285;

Credits:

4

Description:

The molecular mechanisms of host-microbe interactions and the epidemiology and public health aspects of microorganisms are stressed. Also covered are current topics in microbiology including antimicrobial therapy and resistance, emerging pathogens and novel applications of microbiology. Experimental design and troubleshooting skills are developed, using contemporary microbiology and molecular biology laboratory techniques. Taught alternate/odd years.

Prerequisites:

BIO 111/L111; CHEM-211/L211; BIO-L403 concurrently;

Credits:

3

Description:

The study of cells, approached through examinations of biochemical mechanisms, the relation between the structure and function of biological molecules and organelles, and the regulation of normal and diseased cells.

Prerequisites:

BIO-111 and BIO-L11 and CHEM-211 and CHEM-L211. Must take BIO-403 concurrently.

Credits:

1

Description:

Examination of biological molecules and their role in cell function. Techniques used in these examinations will include enzymatic analyses, gel electrophoresis, immunologic identification, chromatography, and spectroscopy. Students are expected to develop their proficiency in the laboratory techniques used, to analyze their results in a quantitative manner, and to present their findings.

Prerequisites:

CHEM-311 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274 and BIO-L474 concurrently

Credits:

3

Description:

An examination of concepts and techniques of modern molecular biology. Topics include the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and proteins, the regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, genetic modification of organisms, and genome analysis. This course will incorporate readings and discussions of primary scientific literature. Spring semester.

Prerequisites:

Take CHEM-331 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274. BIO-474 must be taken concurrently.

Credits:

1

Description:

This upper level laboratory course will consist of a semester-long project in the form of a series of consecutive experiments involving the generation of a genetically modified organism and its subsequent molecular analysis. Techniques employed will include genetic screens, DNA isolation, restriction endonuclease analysis, transformation of bacteria,gel electrophoresis, gene reported assays, RNA isolation, reverse transcription, and quantitative PCR.

Organismic Structure & Function Requirement (1 course, 4 credits)

Choose one of the following and its corresponding laboratory where applicable from the Organismic Structure and Function division:

Prerequisites:

BIO L203 MUST BE TAKEN CONCURRENTLY BIO 111, BIO L111.

Credits:

3

Description:

First part of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course emphasizes histology and physiology in the understanding of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Medical terminology will be used.

Prerequisites:

BIO 111/L111; Must take BIO-203 concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

A study of the human skeletal system and a comparative look at other organ systems involving observation of anatomical models and dissection of mammalian specimens. Also includes microscopy and computer simulations of physiological processes.

Prerequisites:

BIO 203, BIO L203; BIO L204 must be taken concurrently;

Credits:

3

Description:

Conclusion of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course investigates the endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems as well as the physiology of immune responses, nutrition, and acid-base balance. Medical terminology will be used.

Prerequisites:

BIO 203/L203 and BIO 204 must be taken concurrently;

Credits:

1

Description:

A study of the human viscera using anatomical models and dissection of mammalian specimens. Also includes microscopy of tissues and physiological experiments.

Prerequisites:

Bio 111, L111 and Bio 114, L114;Must be taken concurrently with L225.

Credits:

3

Description:

Course introduces students to the anatomy, physiology, systematics, ecology, and economic uses of all major groups of plants. Aspects of the biology of nonvascular, non-seed, gymnosperm, and angiosperm plants are explored. An overview of Kingdom Fungi is also covered. Each student is required to do a 10-15 minute presentation to the class highlighting the economic use of a group of plants assigned by the instructor. Normally offered Spring semester.

Prerequisites:

BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114; BIO 225 concurrently;

Credits:

1

Description:

Lab exercises focus on plant anatomy, physiology, and systematics. Instruction in the identification of major plant families and fungal types is covered. Trips to a Boston area herbarium and botanical garden are required.

Prerequisites:

BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114;

Credits:

4

Description:

This interactive introduction to nutrition explores the science of human nutrition and further reviews concepts of how nutrition can promote health and well being. The course will review specific nutrient needs and functions, nutrient digestion, and the role of diet in well being and in the presence of chronic disease. Weekly course work encourages scientific literacy and fosters critical evaluation of nutrition in the news and in social media.

Prerequisites:

BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-L304 concurrently

Credits:

3

Description:

Mechanisms of physiological adaptations to environmental challenges are studied. Examples of gas exchange, osmoregulation, fluid transport, temperature regulation, nervous control, and movement are examined in various animal forms through class lecture and discussion, required readings, and external lectures. Spring semester.

Prerequisites:

BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-304 concurrently.

Credits:

1

Description:

Selected physiological processes and mechanisms or adaptation in invertebrate and vertebrate animals are examined by observation and controlled experiments.

Prerequisites:

BIO-114, L114

Credits:

4

Description:

This course focuses on embryonic development in vertebrates. The conceptual focus on evolutionary developmental biology includes comparative developmental mechanisms and Epigenetic processes.

Diversity, the Environment, and Conservation Requirement (1 course, 3-4 credits)

Choose one of the following and its corresponding laboratory where applicable from the Diversity, the Environment, and Conservation division:

Prerequisites:

BIO 111 and BIO-L111. This course will fulfill the Expanded Classroom Requirement.

Credits:

4

Description:

A three-week camping excursion, during which common tracheotypes, bryophytes, algae, and other photosynthetic organisms characteristic of various habits in Maine will be identified. Emphasis will be on plant ecology including species interactions and habitat requirements. Vertical zonation in mountains, lakes and intertidal areas will be a point of focus. Participants will camp for one week at each of three sites: Baxter State Park, Central Maine (near Augusta),and on Cobscook Bay. Travel will be by van(s) and hiking (up to ten miles a day) over difficult terrain. Sleeping bags and pads required (tents provided). Additional fees: Camping and food est. $525.00. ECR. The three-week camping excursion typically runs from late May (after tradition Spring course finals are over) into June. Taught yearly.

Prerequisites:

BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, and BIO-L114

Credits:

4

Description:

This course explores the biology and natural history of marine mammals, including cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sirenians, with a particular focus on species endemic to the North Atlantic. Topics include evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, ecology, field identification, the history of whaling and sealing, and contemporary management and conservation issues. Hands-on activities may include the dissection of a small marine mammal and a whale watch in Massachusetts Bay.

Prerequisites:

BIO-111/L111 or BIO-114/L114 or Instructor's consent; BIO-L254 concurrently;

Credits:

3

Description:

Introduction to the marine environment, its organisms and their specific adaptations. Emphasis on marine and estuarine ecology, intertidal habits, trophic relations, and physiology. Human impacts on the sea: fisheries, mariculture, pollution, introduced species, climate change and seawater acidification, and law of the sea. Taught yearly each fall.

Prerequisites:

BIO-111/L111 or BIO-114/L114 or Instructor's consent; BIO-254 concurrently;

Credits:

1

Description:

Field trips to local marine environments, museums, and aquaria; field and laboratory study and observations of live, preserved, and models of marine organisms.

Prerequisites:

BIO-114/L114

Credits:

4

Description:

Surveys animal behavior in a range of species (invertebrates, birds, fish, mammals including humans) to assess similarities and differences in the evolution of behaviors and their physiological mechanisms by which individual organisms and species adapt to their environments. Topics include: predator evasion; mating systems; parental care; social behavior; and learning.

Prerequisites:

Take BIO-111 BIO-L111 BIO-114 BIO-L114. BIO 274 recommended.

Credits:

4

Description:

A survey of evolutionary theory, exploring processes such as the genetic sources of variation, natural and sexual selection, and evolutionary developmental biology. Using phylogenetic systematics and other tools, we will demonstrate how these mechanisms result in the visible patterns of evolution. This is a reading-and-writing intensive course centered on close reading of Origin of the Species and discussion of recent peer-reviewed literature about evolution.

Prerequisites:

BIO-114 and BIO-L114

Credits:

4

Description:

This course covers a broad spectrum of aspects of biodiversity and conservation by examining key elements ranging from global patterns in the distribution of life on our planet to the effects our human population is causing on those patterns. Examples from marine and terrestrial animals and plants are used to convey current ideas with a focus on the importance of global biodiversity, and the design of management programs for the conservation of species and ecosystems. 4-credit

Prerequisites:

BIO-114/L114;

Credits:

3

Description:

A survey of the occurrence, life history and pathogenicity of the most important arthropod-borne, human diseases both internationally (malaria, dengue, plague, trypanosomiasis, yellow fever, etc.) and within the United States (Lyme disease, EEE, West Nile Virus, and others). Demographic and environmental factors leading to the re-emergence and spread of these diseases will be considered.

Prerequisites:

BIO 114/L114, and Junior standing. Requires permission from Marine Sciences Coordinator.

Credits:

3

Description:

The evolution, systematics, anatomy, physiology and behavior of freshwater, marine and anadromous fishes from temperate to tropical environments. The interactions of fish in their environments, including predator-prey relationships, host-symbiont interactions, and fish as herbivores. Taken with permission from the Marine Science Consortium Coordinator. [This is a Marine Science Consortium Course and enrollment is limited] Evenings only: off campus

Prerequisites:

BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, BIO-L114, and 2 BIO courses at the 200 level or above. Requires permission from Marine Sciences Coordinator.

Credits:

3

Description:

This course provides a comprehensive review of the biology, ecology, and management of cetaceans. A thorough grounding in cetacean mammalogy and population biology will prepare students to understand conservation problems presented as case histories. Students will also complete an independent research paper on a topic related to cetacean biology. Hands-on activities may include the dissection of a small cetacean and a shore-based whale watch in Cape Cod Bay. This course is part of the Marine Studies Consortium and will be held at the New England Aquarium. Taken with permission from the Marine Science Consortium Coordinator. [This is a Marine Science Consortium Course and enrollment is limited]

Electives (3 courses, 12 credits)

Choose three Biology course electives and their corresponding laboratories where applicable. Any of the courses listed above may be taken as an elective if another course is taken to fulfill the division requirement. If a student chooses one of the concentrations, the concentration requirements will fulfill these elective courses.

Additional elective options are:

Prerequisites:

BIO 111/L111

Credits:

4

Description:

Introduction to the statistical methods used to evaluate biological problems. Sampling, probability, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, experimental design, analysis of variance, regression, and correlation are some of the topics offered. Software for data handling, graphics, and analysis will be used.

Prerequisites:

BIO111/BIOL111, BIO114/BIOL114. BIO274/BIOL274 may be taken as a corequisite

Credits:

4

Description:

Biology Internship: This course provides students with credit for an unpaid internship completed during the semester when credit is earned. Students must secure an approved internship and provide documentation from the internship's overseer to a full time faculty member sponsor in order to register for the course. The internship must involve participation in research and / or patient care. Students or their overseers will be required to submit monthly records of internship hours and provide the faculty sponsor with a written summary of internship experiences and accomplishments by the last week of classes. Only one internship may be used as a biology elective. This course is available for variable credit. Prerequisites: An Internship for Credit form must be submitted to the department chair Credits: 1-4

Prerequisites:

An independent study form must be submitted to the CAS Dean's Office.

Credits:

1.00- 5.00

Description:

Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Only ONE independent study may be used toward biology electives.

Credits:

1.00- 4.00

Description:

Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Thesis work is required to involve original research or an in-depth analysis.

Prerequisites:

CHEM 212/L212 or permission of instructor. CHEM L331 must be taken concurrently.

Credits:

3

Description:

Explores the foundations of biochemistry, including the structure, organization and behavior of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. Topics include enzyme catalysis, kinetics, and inhibition as well as protein regulation and membrane structure. Introduces the use of biochemical literature and bioinformatics techniques.

Prerequisites:

CHEM 212/L212 or permission of instructor. CHEM 331 must be taken concurrently

Credits:

1

Description:

Laboratory course introducing biochemical techniques. Includes buffer preparation, PCR, purification of DNA and proteins, agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, protein quantitation and detection, and enzyme kinetic assays.

Prerequisites:

Intro Math

Credits:

4

Description:

Coastal environments will be analyzed with an emphasis on the important environmental characteristics of these areas. Management and environmental problems within the coastal and offshore areas such as beach erosion, beach access, and oil spills will be considered. One required field trip.

Prerequisites:

Take CHEM-111, CHEM-L111, CHEM-112, and CHEM-L112

Credits:

4

Description:

This course is designed to identify the ways that scientific knowledge can be used to resolve environmental problems, particularly the ocean's role in the biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impacts of humans on the cycling of these elements. Sample topics include the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impacts of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; and how climate change and pollution impact the marine environment with mitigation strategies outlined.

Notes:

  • BIO-510 and BIO-H510 must be taken for a minimum of 4 credits to count as a major elective
  • Transfer students wishing to major in Biology must meet the residency requirement plus complete senior seminar in Biology at Suffolk University with a minimum grade point average of 2.0.

Residency Requirement Policy: In the College of Arts and Sciences, a two-course (8 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for completion of a minor and a four-course (16 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for the completion of a major.

Biology Learning Goals and Objectives

Learning goals and objectives reflect the educational outcomes achieved by students through the completion of this program. These transferable skills prepare Suffolk students for success in the workplace, in graduate school, and in their local and global communities.

Learning Goals Learning Objectives
Students will...
Students will be able to...
Understand the process of science
  • Design a scientific experiment with statistical foresight
  • Assess the ethics of a proposed study
  • Conduct an experiment following standard protocols
  • Recognize the importance of safety protocols
  • Culture, grow, or prepare specimens for study
  • Collect data via quantitative and qualitative observations and measurements
  • Interpret the results of an experiment
  • Know how science is communicated
  • Evaluate primary literature in biology
  • Interpret visual representations of data
  • Summarize the discoveries of scientific research
  • Know how to communicate scientific findings
  • Orally present findings to others in formal and informal settings
  • Construct a written document in a scientific style including proper citation of sources
  • Prepare visual representations of data
  • Access and utilize scientific databases
  • Know how to work collaboratively
  • Conduct an experiment or gather data from the field as part of a group
  • Participate in group discussions
  • Formulate hypotheses in conjunction with others
  • Record protocols and observations
  • Provide constructive feedback to group members
  • Accept feedback from group members
  • Understand how genetic information is transmitted and regulated
  • Describe how information is transferred from DNA to RNA, and from RNA to protein
  • Explain some of the exceptions to the ‘central dogma’ described above
  • Describe how information in DNA is transmitted during cell division
  • Describe how cells maintain the integrity of their genetic information
  • Explain how information is passed from parent to offspring, by both Mendelian and non-Mendelian mechanisms
  • Explain how phenotypes and genotypes are related, including how this relationship is influenced by environmental factors
  • Identify the levels at which gene expression can be regulated
  • Explain how transcription of genes is regulated
  • Explain how protein activity is regulated by intracellular and extra-cellular signaling molecules
  • Understand that a structure’s physical and chemical characteristics influence its interactions with other structures and therefore its function
  • Identify the chemical structures and physical characteristics of the molecules of life, including carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and amino acids
  • Explain how the structure of DNA is important for its information storage and transmission functions
  • Explain how protein structure is influenced by the chemical characteristics of amino acids and the cellular environment
  • Explain how protein function is related to structure, and how function can be regulated through reversible alterations of structure e. g. phosphorylation
  • Explain how membrane structure allows for compartmentalization in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and how this compartmentalization contributes to cellular functions
  • Explain how the structure of a cell – its shape, and polarity—relates to its function
  • Understand that energy can be changed from one form to another, and that chemical energy can be used by cells to drive energetically demanding activities necessary for life
  • Compare and contrast biologically relevant forms of energy (e. g. kinetic energy vs. potential energy, energy stored in bonds vs. potential energy of concentration gradients)
  • Identify biomolecules that are commonly used to store and transfer energy in cells
  • Explain how enzymes alter the energetics of biochemical reactions
  • Differentiate between catabolic pathways that break down molecules in cells, and anabolic pathways that form biological molecules
  • Describe the basic mechanisms of cellular metabolic function, including cellular respiration and photosynthesis
  • Understand the process of, and evidence for, evolution
  • Distinguish between the mechanisms of evolutionary change
  • Evaluate how mechanisms of evolution lead to speciation and the diversity of life
  • Examine how the classification of organisms reflects their evolutionary history
  • Assess how stochastic events and abiotic factors have influenced the history of life on Earth
  • Explain the connection between genetic inheritance and evolution
  • Understand the basic principles of ecology
  • Evaluate the importance of species interactions and trophic relationships for shaping population growth and community structure
  • Identify and assess through field exercises several measures that describe an ecosystem (e.g., biodiversity, productivity, trophic dynamics)
  • Explain how plant and animal communities change through time (e.g., succession) following natural environmental disturbances
  • Assess how human activities affect the distribution and abundance of species and how ecosystems function
  • Understand organismal structure and function
  • Assess the environmental challenges faced by organisms and the adaptations they have to address them
  • Evaluate the structural, physiological, and/or biochemical adaptations of organisms
  • Appraise how the structure of an adaption and/or molecule reflects its function
  • Understand how to pursue a career in the biological sciences
  • Appraise their technical and interpersonal skills and qualities
  • Effectively search for and locate pertinent internships and jobs
  • Assess their qualifications in relation to an internship and/or job description
  • Prepare job application materials including a resume and cover letter
  • Conduct a mock interview
  • Biology Concentrations

    Biotechnology Concentration Requirements: 19 courses and corresponding laboratories where applicable, 69-70 credits

    The concentration in Biotechnology focuses on molecular and cellular principles in biology. Students are encouraged to seek relevant industry experience during the summer between the sophomore and junior year. Students should consult with the concentration coordinator early in their academic career to determine available placements and to obtain counseling regarding appropriate courses for the concentration.

    This concentration requires the completion of all Biology major core requirements (listed in the Major Requirements section), as well as the following:

    Prerequisites:

    BIO 111/L111; CHEM-211/L211; BIO-L403 concurrently;

    Credits:

    3

    Description:

    The study of cells, approached through examinations of biochemical mechanisms, the relation between the structure and function of biological molecules and organelles, and the regulation of normal and diseased cells.

    Prerequisites:

    BIO-111 and BIO-L11 and CHEM-211 and CHEM-L211. Must take BIO-403 concurrently.

    Credits:

    1

    Description:

    Examination of biological molecules and their role in cell function. Techniques used in these examinations will include enzymatic analyses, gel electrophoresis, immunologic identification, chromatography, and spectroscopy. Students are expected to develop their proficiency in the laboratory techniques used, to analyze their results in a quantitative manner, and to present their findings.

    Prerequisites:

    CHEM-311 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274 and BIO-L474 concurrently

    Credits:

    3

    Description:

    An examination of concepts and techniques of modern molecular biology. Topics include the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and proteins, the regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, genetic modification of organisms, and genome analysis. This course will incorporate readings and discussions of primary scientific literature. Spring semester.

    Prerequisites:

    Take CHEM-331 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274. BIO-474 must be taken concurrently.

    Credits:

    1

    Description:

    This upper level laboratory course will consist of a semester-long project in the form of a series of consecutive experiments involving the generation of a genetically modified organism and its subsequent molecular analysis. Techniques employed will include genetic screens, DNA isolation, restriction endonuclease analysis, transformation of bacteria,gel electrophoresis, gene reported assays, RNA isolation, reverse transcription, and quantitative PCR.

    Choose one Organismic Structure and Function Division course (options listed in the Major Requirements section)

    Choose one Diversity, Environment, and Conservation Division course (options listed in the Major Requirements section)

    Choose two of the following Biology electives (at least one of these two electives must have a laboratory component):

    Prerequisites:

    BIO 111, L111 and BIO 114, L114 and CHEM 111, L111

    Credits:

    4

    Description:

    The course is designed as an application base educational experience that will allow students to learn the standard techniques associated with successful cell culture. As such, students are responsible for the maintenance, propagation, isolation, and preservation of their cells. A number of cell types and experimental manipulations of the cultures are investigated throughout the semester.

    Prerequisites:

    BIO 111/L111

    Credits:

    4

    Description:

    Introduction to the statistical methods used to evaluate biological problems. Sampling, probability, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, experimental design, analysis of variance, regression, and correlation are some of the topics offered. Software for data handling, graphics, and analysis will be used.

    Prerequisites:

    BIO-111 and BIO-L111; BIO-L285 concurrently;

    Credits:

    3

    Description:

    Viruses and bacteria are surveyed in terms of their ecology, biochemistry, taxonomy, molecular biology and control.

    Prerequisites:

    BIO 111/L111; BIO 285 concurrently;

    Credits:

    1

    Description:

    Introduction to microbiological techniques and their applications to health, research and industry.

    Prerequisites:

    BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, BIO-L114, BIO-274, and BIO-L274

    Credits:

    4

    Description:

    An examination of molecular and cellular mechanisms that lead to the development of cancer. Factors contributing to tumorgenesis, angiogenesis, and metastasis will be discussed; these factors, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, and signal transduction networks. In addition, an investigation of current strategies for cancer prevention and treatment will be considered.

    Prerequisites:

    Take BIO-274

    Credits:

    4

    Description:

    The concept of immunity, response to infection, structure of the immune system, biochemistry of immunoglobins, antigen-antibody interactions, allergy, immunological injury, lymphocyte subpopulations and cellular immunity, tolerance suppression and enhancement. Taught alternate/even years.

    Prerequisites:

    BIO-274 and BIO-L274 or BIO-285 and BIO-L285;

    Credits:

    4

    Description:

    The molecular mechanisms of host-microbe interactions and the epidemiology and public health aspects of microorganisms are stressed. Also covered are current topics in microbiology including antimicrobial therapy and resistance, emerging pathogens and novel applications of microbiology. Experimental design and troubleshooting skills are developed, using contemporary microbiology and molecular biology laboratory techniques. Taught alternate/odd years.

    Prerequisites:

    An independent study form must be submitted to the CAS Dean's Office.

    Credits:

    1.00- 5.00

    Description:

    Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Only ONE independent study may be used toward biology electives.

    Prerequisites:

    CHEM 212/L212 or permission of instructor. CHEM L331 must be taken concurrently.

    Credits:

    3

    Description:

    Explores the foundations of biochemistry, including the structure, organization and behavior of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. Topics include enzyme catalysis, kinetics, and inhibition as well as protein regulation and membrane structure. Introduces the use of biochemical literature and bioinformatics techniques.

    Prerequisites:

    CHEM 212/L212 or permission of instructor. CHEM 331 must be taken concurrently

    Credits:

    1

    Description:

    Laboratory course introducing biochemical techniques. Includes buffer preparation, PCR, purification of DNA and proteins, agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, protein quantitation and detection, and enzyme kinetic assays.

    Prerequisites:

    CHEM 331 and CHEM-L332 concurrently

    Credits:

    3

    Description:

    Explores the principles of bioenergetics and metabolism of biomolecules. Includes intermediary metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, and oxidative phosphorylation. Additional topics include signal transduction and the regulation and integration of metabolism.

    Notes:

    • All courses must be taken with the corresponding laboratory class where applicable.
    • BIO-510 must be taken for a minimum of 4 credits to count as a major elective.

      Marine Science Concentration Requirements: 19 courses and corresponding laboratories where applicable, 68-70 credits

      The Marine Science concentration introduces students to marine studies while maintaining the rigor and career flexibility of a traditional Biology major. Our aim is to prepare students to make career decisions based on real familiarity with marine studies. The distinguishing feature of the concentration is the completion of three courses and associated labs in the field of marine science. 

      This concentration requires the completion of all Biology core requirements AND all Biology divisional requirements (listed in the Major Requirements section), as well as the following electives:

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111/L111 or BIO-114/L114 or Instructor's consent; BIO-L254 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Introduction to the marine environment, its organisms and their specific adaptations. Emphasis on marine and estuarine ecology, intertidal habits, trophic relations, and physiology. Human impacts on the sea: fisheries, mariculture, pollution, introduced species, climate change and seawater acidification, and law of the sea. Taught yearly each fall.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111/L111 or BIO-114/L114 or Instructor's consent; BIO-254 concurrently;

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Field trips to local marine environments, museums, and aquaria; field and laboratory study and observations of live, preserved, and models of marine organisms.

      Choose two of the following courses:

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, and BIO-L114

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course explores the biology and natural history of marine mammals, including cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sirenians, with a particular focus on species endemic to the North Atlantic. Topics include evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, ecology, field identification, the history of whaling and sealing, and contemporary management and conservation issues. Hands-on activities may include the dissection of a small marine mammal and a whale watch in Massachusetts Bay.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 114/L114, and Junior standing. Requires permission from Marine Sciences Coordinator.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      The evolution, systematics, anatomy, physiology and behavior of freshwater, marine and anadromous fishes from temperate to tropical environments. The interactions of fish in their environments, including predator-prey relationships, host-symbiont interactions, and fish as herbivores. Taken with permission from the Marine Science Consortium Coordinator. [This is a Marine Science Consortium Course and enrollment is limited] Evenings only: off campus

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, BIO-L114, and 2 BIO courses at the 200 level or above. Requires permission from Marine Sciences Coordinator.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      This course provides a comprehensive review of the biology, ecology, and management of cetaceans. A thorough grounding in cetacean mammalogy and population biology will prepare students to understand conservation problems presented as case histories. Students will also complete an independent research paper on a topic related to cetacean biology. Hands-on activities may include the dissection of a small cetacean and a shore-based whale watch in Cape Cod Bay. This course is part of the Marine Studies Consortium and will be held at the New England Aquarium. Taken with permission from the Marine Science Consortium Coordinator. [This is a Marine Science Consortium Course and enrollment is limited]

      Prerequisites:

      Intro Math

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Coastal environments will be analyzed with an emphasis on the important environmental characteristics of these areas. Management and environmental problems within the coastal and offshore areas such as beach erosion, beach access, and oil spills will be considered. One required field trip.

      Prerequisites:

      Take CHEM-111, CHEM-L111, CHEM-112, and CHEM-L112

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course is designed to identify the ways that scientific knowledge can be used to resolve environmental problems, particularly the ocean's role in the biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impacts of humans on the cycling of these elements. Sample topics include the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impacts of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; and how climate change and pollution impact the marine environment with mitigation strategies outlined.

      Prerequisites:

      An independent study form must be submitted to the CAS Dean's Office.

      Credits:

      1.00- 5.00

      Description:

      Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Only ONE independent study may be used toward biology electives.

      Notes:

      • All courses must be taken with the corresponding laboratory class where applicable.
      • BIO-510 must be taken for a minimum of 4 credits to count as a major elective.

       

      Health Careers Concentration Requirements: 19 courses and corresponding laboratories where applicable, 73 credits

      The objective of the Health Careers Concentration is to prepare students for graduate programs in fields such as allopathic or osteopathic medicine, physician assistant, dentistry, veterinary medicine, nurse practitioner, physical therapy, pharmacy, and other related fields. The Health Careers concentration is focused on assisting students in gaining acceptance to graduate clinical training but it is not intended to be bachelor’s-level preparation for a specific clinical field. This concentration is intended to be general enough to allow students to tailor their coursework with their major advisor while still getting a solid grounding in the discipline.

      The concentration requires the completion of all Biology major core requirements (listed in the Major Requirements section), as well as the following:

      Choose one of the following courses from the Molecular/Cellular Division:

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111 and BIO-L111; BIO-L285 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Viruses and bacteria are surveyed in terms of their ecology, biochemistry, taxonomy, molecular biology and control.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; BIO 285 concurrently;

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Introduction to microbiological techniques and their applications to health, research and industry.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; CHEM-211/L211; BIO-L403 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      The study of cells, approached through examinations of biochemical mechanisms, the relation between the structure and function of biological molecules and organelles, and the regulation of normal and diseased cells.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111 and BIO-L11 and CHEM-211 and CHEM-L211. Must take BIO-403 concurrently.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Examination of biological molecules and their role in cell function. Techniques used in these examinations will include enzymatic analyses, gel electrophoresis, immunologic identification, chromatography, and spectroscopy. Students are expected to develop their proficiency in the laboratory techniques used, to analyze their results in a quantitative manner, and to present their findings.

      Prerequisites:

      CHEM-311 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274 and BIO-L474 concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      An examination of concepts and techniques of modern molecular biology. Topics include the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and proteins, the regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, genetic modification of organisms, and genome analysis. This course will incorporate readings and discussions of primary scientific literature. Spring semester.

      Prerequisites:

      Take CHEM-331 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274. BIO-474 must be taken concurrently.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      This upper level laboratory course will consist of a semester-long project in the form of a series of consecutive experiments involving the generation of a genetically modified organism and its subsequent molecular analysis. Techniques employed will include genetic screens, DNA isolation, restriction endonuclease analysis, transformation of bacteria,gel electrophoresis, gene reported assays, RNA isolation, reverse transcription, and quantitative PCR.

      Choose one of the following courses from the Organismic Structure and Function Division:

      Prerequisites:

      BIO L203 MUST BE TAKEN CONCURRENTLY BIO 111, BIO L111.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      First part of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course emphasizes histology and physiology in the understanding of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Medical terminology will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; Must take BIO-203 concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      A study of the human skeletal system and a comparative look at other organ systems involving observation of anatomical models and dissection of mammalian specimens. Also includes microscopy and computer simulations of physiological processes.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-L304 concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Mechanisms of physiological adaptations to environmental challenges are studied. Examples of gas exchange, osmoregulation, fluid transport, temperature regulation, nervous control, and movement are examined in various animal forms through class lecture and discussion, required readings, and external lectures. Spring semester.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-304 concurrently.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Selected physiological processes and mechanisms or adaptation in invertebrate and vertebrate animals are examined by observation and controlled experiments.

      Choose one Diversity, Environment, and Conservation Division course (options listed in the Major Requirements section)

      Choose three of the following Biology elective courses:

      Prerequisites:

      BIO L203 MUST BE TAKEN CONCURRENTLY BIO 111, BIO L111.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      First part of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course emphasizes histology and physiology in the understanding of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Medical terminology will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; Must take BIO-203 concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      A study of the human skeletal system and a comparative look at other organ systems involving observation of anatomical models and dissection of mammalian specimens. Also includes microscopy and computer simulations of physiological processes.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 203, BIO L203; BIO L204 must be taken concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Conclusion of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course investigates the endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems as well as the physiology of immune responses, nutrition, and acid-base balance. Medical terminology will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 203/L203 and BIO 204 must be taken concurrently;

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      A study of the human viscera using anatomical models and dissection of mammalian specimens. Also includes microscopy of tissues and physiological experiments.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114;

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This interactive introduction to nutrition explores the science of human nutrition and further reviews concepts of how nutrition can promote health and well being. The course will review specific nutrient needs and functions, nutrient digestion, and the role of diet in well being and in the presence of chronic disease. Weekly course work encourages scientific literacy and fosters critical evaluation of nutrition in the news and in social media.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Introduction to the statistical methods used to evaluate biological problems. Sampling, probability, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, experimental design, analysis of variance, regression, and correlation are some of the topics offered. Software for data handling, graphics, and analysis will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-L304 concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Mechanisms of physiological adaptations to environmental challenges are studied. Examples of gas exchange, osmoregulation, fluid transport, temperature regulation, nervous control, and movement are examined in various animal forms through class lecture and discussion, required readings, and external lectures. Spring semester.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-304 concurrently.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Selected physiological processes and mechanisms or adaptation in invertebrate and vertebrate animals are examined by observation and controlled experiments.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, BIO-L114, BIO-274, and BIO-L274

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      An examination of molecular and cellular mechanisms that lead to the development of cancer. Factors contributing to tumorgenesis, angiogenesis, and metastasis will be discussed; these factors, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, and signal transduction networks. In addition, an investigation of current strategies for cancer prevention and treatment will be considered.

      Prerequisites:

      Take BIO-274

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      The concept of immunity, response to infection, structure of the immune system, biochemistry of immunoglobins, antigen-antibody interactions, allergy, immunological injury, lymphocyte subpopulations and cellular immunity, tolerance suppression and enhancement. Taught alternate/even years.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114, L114

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course focuses on embryonic development in vertebrates. The conceptual focus on evolutionary developmental biology includes comparative developmental mechanisms and Epigenetic processes.

      Prerequisites:

      An independent study form must be submitted to the CAS Dean's Office.

      Credits:

      1.00- 5.00

      Description:

      Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Only ONE independent study may be used toward biology electives.

      Prerequisites:

      CHEM 212/L212 or permission of instructor. CHEM L331 must be taken concurrently.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Explores the foundations of biochemistry, including the structure, organization and behavior of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. Topics include enzyme catalysis, kinetics, and inhibition as well as protein regulation and membrane structure. Introduces the use of biochemical literature and bioinformatics techniques.

      Prerequisites:

      CHEM 212/L212 or permission of instructor. CHEM 331 must be taken concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Laboratory course introducing biochemical techniques. Includes buffer preparation, PCR, purification of DNA and proteins, agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, protein quantitation and detection, and enzyme kinetic assays.

      Notes:

      • All courses must be taken with the corresponding laboratory class where applicable.
      • BIO-510 must be taken for a minimum of 4 credits to count as a major elective

      Biology Minor Requirements

      Learn more about this minor

      Minor Requirements: 6 courses, 24 credits

      Core Requirements (2 courses with corresponding laboratories, 8 credits)

      Prerequisites:

      Must take BIO L111 concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Explanation of key biological structures and reactions of the cell. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some non-biology science majors. This course is not recommended for the non-science student.

      Prerequisites:

      Concurrently with BIO 111

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Sessions are designed to familiarize the student with biological molecules, and the techniques used in their study. The techniques covered include basic solution preparation, separation and quantification of molecules, enzyme catalysis,and cell isolation.

      Prerequisites:

      Must take BIO L114 concurrently.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Rigorous introduction to organismal biology emphasizing evolution, phylogenetics, form, and function. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some non-biology science majors. This course is not recommended for the non-science student.

      Prerequisites:

      Must take BIO 114 concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      A series of laboratory experiences in evolution, diversity, anatomy and physiology.

      Electives (4 courses with corresponding laboratories where applicable, 16 credits)

      The following courses will NOT count toward a minor in Biology because they are non-major's courses. Choose any Biology course except:

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Major topics include the scientific basis of evolution, the fossil history of vertebrates, evidence of evolution in the human body, and applying an evolutionary perspective to the social interactions and possible futures of humanity. Meets one of the non laboratory science requirements for the non-science major. This reading and writing intensive course is a non-laboratory science option for non-science majors. This course will not fulfill requirement for a major or a minor in Biology.

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course explores the evolution, ecology, behavior, genetics, and adaptations of cats (Felis silvestris catus) and dogs (Canis lupus familiaris). We will discuss what is known about these species, current research, and what is still unknown. The course will focus on comparing and contrasting the biology of cats and dogs and how biological differences have led to the way they are perceived as companion animals. We will also discuss how these species can be used as model organisms for exploring patterns of human heredity and disease transmission.

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course focuses on the ancient, intimate, and mutually beneficial relationship between humans and plants. We will discuss the basic anatomy, physiology, and genetic characteristics of flowering plants and how these characteristics have facilitated their use by humans. We will explore the impacts of a wide range of plants and their products on human society while considering the evolutionary changes that these plants have undergone through artificial selection. We will also touch on the synergistic role of fungus and plants in alcohol fermentation. This course fulfills the non-lab natural sciences requirement for BFA, BSJ, and BA degrees. Non-biology majors only.

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course seeks to answer five current questions from all levels of biology, from the subcellular to the ecosystem level. Topics will be discussed in the context of genetics, evolution, and ecology. We will focus on the process of doing science, including how scientists evaluate ideas and communicate their findings. Emphasis will be placed on topics in biology that impact daily life.

      Residency Requirement Policy: In the College of Arts and Sciences, a two-course (8 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for completion of a minor and a four-course (16 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for the completion of a major.

      Minor Programs Policy: A student declaring a minor may use no more than two courses from a major or double major combination to fulfill the requirements for the minor. No more than one course from one minor may count toward the fulfillment of a second minor. Students may not minor in a subject in which they are also completing a major. For more information, see the Minor Programs section of the CAS Degree Requirements page.

      Honors

      To complete requirements for honors in the major, a candidate must:

      1. Graduate with an overall GPA of 3.5 or higher
      2. Complete an independent project in BIO-H510 or BIO-H503 or an equivalent summer research experience that has been pre-approved by the departmental honors committee. Students must submit an application to the committee and their advisor(s), for pre-approval
      3. Complete BIO-H512
      4. Write a thesis in BIO-H512 that is approved by the thesis advisor and the departmental honors committee and give an oral presentation on completed research in BIO-H512. For departmental honors, thesis work is required to involve original research or an in-depth analysis
      5. Present research at either the Eastern New England Biology Conference or the Chemistry Talks
      6. CAS Honors Program students only: Also present work from the senior honors experience at the Honors Symposium or Pecha Kucha event

      To become a candidate for honors in the major, a student must:

      1. Have a major GPA of 3.5 or higher
      2. Have an overall GPA of 3.5 or higher
      3. Apply to the honors coordinator by submitting an application form no later than May 15th of junior year. Notification of tentative acceptance will be sent to students on May 31st
      4. Submit a detailed outline (August 25th for summer research or December 10th for fall research) in order to receive acceptance into the program by January 10th

      Prerequisites:

      BIO111/BIOL111, BIO114/BIOL114. BIO274/BIOL274 may be taken as a corequisite

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Biology Internship: This course provides students with credit for an unpaid internship completed during the semester when credit is earned. Students must secure an approved internship and provide documentation from the internship's overseer to a full time faculty member sponsor in order to register for the course. The internship must involve participation in research and / or patient care. Students or their overseers will be required to submit monthly records of internship hours and provide the faculty sponsor with a written summary of internship experiences and accomplishments by the last week of classes. Only one internship may be used as a biology elective. This course is available for variable credit. Prerequisites: An Internship for Credit form must be submitted to the department chair Credits: 1-4

      Credits:

      1.00- 4.00

      Description:

      Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Thesis work is required to involve original research or an in-depth analysis.

      Prerequisites:

      Biology Majors Only; GPA 3.5 or Higher; Instructor Permission Required

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Students will write an honors thesis based on their own discovery research or experience at an internship. Students will learn to write the sections of a scientific paper and review the writing of others. A public presentation is required.

      Organizations and Societies

      Student Organizations

      The Biology Department supports three student organizations: the Health Careers Club, the American Society of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry (ASBMB), and the Chi Kappa Chapter of the Beta Beta Beta National Biological Honor Society. These three organizations give biology students opportunities to work closely with faculty while engaging in research that benefits the department and the greater Suffolk community.

      Beta Beta Beta Biological Honor Society

      Beta Beta Beta is an honor and professional society primarily for students of the biological sciences. Its goals include promoting student research, publication, and exposure to current biological scholarship and career possibilities. Regular membership is offered to majors in the biological sciences who have completed at least one term of the sophomore year (including three Biology courses) with a 3.0 average in Biology and an overall average of 2.7. Associate membership is open to any interested undergraduate.

      Biology Courses

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Major topics include the scientific basis of evolution, the fossil history of vertebrates, evidence of evolution in the human body, and applying an evolutionary perspective to the social interactions and possible futures of humanity. Meets one of the non laboratory science requirements for the non-science major. This reading and writing intensive course is a non-laboratory science option for non-science majors. This course will not fulfill requirement for a major or a minor in Biology.

      Prerequisites:

      CAS Honors students only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Major topics include the scientific basis of evolution, the fossil history of vertebrates, evidence of evolution in the human body, and applying an evolutionary perspective to the social interactions and possible futures of humanity. Meets one of the non laboratory science requirements for the non-science major. This reading and writing intensive course is a non-laboratory science option for non-science majors. This course will not fulfill requirement for a major or a minor in Biology.

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course explores the evolution, ecology, behavior, genetics, and adaptations of cats (Felis silvestris catus) and dogs (Canis lupus familiaris). We will discuss what is known about these species, current research, and what is still unknown. The course will focus on comparing and contrasting the biology of cats and dogs and how biological differences have led to the way they are perceived as companion animals. We will also discuss how these species can be used as model organisms for exploring patterns of human heredity and disease transmission.

      Prerequisites:

      CAS and SBS Honors Students Only or 3.3 GPA. Non science majors only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course explores the evolution, ecology, behavior, genetics, and adaptations of cats (Felis silvestris catus) and dogs (Canis lupus familiaris). We will discuss what is known about these species, current research, and what is still unknown. The course will focus on comparing and contrasting the biology of cats and dogs and how biological differences have led to the way they are perceived as companion animals. We will also discuss how these species can be used as model organisms for exploring patterns of human heredity and disease transmission.

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course focuses on the ancient, intimate, and mutually beneficial relationship between humans and plants. We will discuss the basic anatomy, physiology, and genetic characteristics of flowering plants and how these characteristics have facilitated their use by humans. We will explore the impacts of a wide range of plants and their products on human society while considering the evolutionary changes that these plants have undergone through artificial selection. We will also touch on the synergistic role of fungus and plants in alcohol fermentation. This course fulfills the non-lab natural sciences requirement for BFA, BSJ, and BA degrees. Non-biology majors only.

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only. Honors student or 3.3 GPA only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course focuses on the ancient, intimate, and mutually beneficial relationship between humans and plants. We will discuss the basic anatomy, physiology, and genetic characteristics of flowering plants and how these characteristics have facilitated their use by humans. We will explore the impacts of a wide range of plants and their products on human society while considering the evolutionary changes that these plants have undergone through artificial selection. We will also touch on the synergistic role of fungus and plants in alcohol fermentation. This course fulfills the non-lab natural sciences requirement for BFA, BSJ, and BA degrees. Non-biology majors only.

      Prerequisites:

      Must take BIO L111 concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Explanation of key biological structures and reactions of the cell. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some non-biology science majors. This course is not recommended for the non-science student.

      Prerequisites:

      Must take BIO L111 concurrently. Restricted to Honors Biology Majors.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Explanation of key biological structures and reactions of the cell. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some non-biology science majors. This course is not recommended for the non-science student.

      Prerequisites:

      Concurrently with BIO 111

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Sessions are designed to familiarize the student with biological molecules, and the techniques used in their study. The techniques covered include basic solution preparation, separation and quantification of molecules, enzyme catalysis,and cell isolation.

      Prerequisites:

      Must take BIO L114 concurrently.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Rigorous introduction to organismal biology emphasizing evolution, phylogenetics, form, and function. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some non-biology science majors. This course is not recommended for the non-science student.

      Prerequisites:

      Must take BIO 114 concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      A series of laboratory experiences in evolution, diversity, anatomy and physiology.

      Prerequisites:

      Non Science Majors Only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course seeks to answer five current questions from all levels of biology, from the subcellular to the ecosystem level. Topics will be discussed in the context of genetics, evolution, and ecology. We will focus on the process of doing science, including how scientists evaluate ideas and communicate their findings. Emphasis will be placed on topics in biology that impact daily life.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO L203 MUST BE TAKEN CONCURRENTLY BIO 111, BIO L111.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      First part of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course emphasizes histology and physiology in the understanding of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Medical terminology will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; Must take BIO-203 concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      A study of the human skeletal system and a comparative look at other organ systems involving observation of anatomical models and dissection of mammalian specimens. Also includes microscopy and computer simulations of physiological processes.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 203, BIO L203; BIO L204 must be taken concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Conclusion of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course investigates the endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems as well as the physiology of immune responses, nutrition, and acid-base balance. Medical terminology will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 203, BIO L203; BIO L204 must be taken concurrently. Restricted to CAS Honors students only.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Conclusion of a systematic survey of the structural and functional interrelations of the organ systems of the human body. This course investigates the endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems as well as the physiology of immune responses, nutrition, and acid-base balance. Medical terminology will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 203/L203 and BIO 204 must be taken concurrently;

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      A study of the human viscera using anatomical models and dissection of mammalian specimens. Also includes microscopy of tissues and physiological experiments.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111 and BIO-L111. This course will fulfill the Expanded Classroom Requirement.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      A three-week camping excursion, during which common tracheotypes, bryophytes, algae, and other photosynthetic organisms characteristic of various habits in Maine will be identified. Emphasis will be on plant ecology including species interactions and habitat requirements. Vertical zonation in mountains, lakes and intertidal areas will be a point of focus. Participants will camp for one week at each of three sites: Baxter State Park, Central Maine (near Augusta),and on Cobscook Bay. Travel will be by van(s) and hiking (up to ten miles a day) over difficult terrain. Sleeping bags and pads required (tents provided). Additional fees: Camping and food est. $525.00. ECR. The three-week camping excursion typically runs from late May (after tradition Spring course finals are over) into June. Taught yearly.

      Prerequisites:

      Bio 111, L111 and Bio 114, L114;Must be taken concurrently with L225.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Course introduces students to the anatomy, physiology, systematics, ecology, and economic uses of all major groups of plants. Aspects of the biology of nonvascular, non-seed, gymnosperm, and angiosperm plants are explored. An overview of Kingdom Fungi is also covered. Each student is required to do a 10-15 minute presentation to the class highlighting the economic use of a group of plants assigned by the instructor. Normally offered Spring semester.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114; BIO 225 concurrently;

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Lab exercises focus on plant anatomy, physiology, and systematics. Instruction in the identification of major plant families and fungal types is covered. Trips to a Boston area herbarium and botanical garden are required.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114;

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This interactive introduction to nutrition explores the science of human nutrition and further reviews concepts of how nutrition can promote health and well being. The course will review specific nutrient needs and functions, nutrient digestion, and the role of diet in well being and in the presence of chronic disease. Weekly course work encourages scientific literacy and fosters critical evaluation of nutrition in the news and in social media.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, and BIO-L114

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course explores the biology and natural history of marine mammals, including cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sirenians, with a particular focus on species endemic to the North Atlantic. Topics include evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, ecology, field identification, the history of whaling and sealing, and contemporary management and conservation issues. Hands-on activities may include the dissection of a small marine mammal and a whale watch in Massachusetts Bay.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111/L111 or BIO-114/L114 or Instructor's consent; BIO-L254 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Introduction to the marine environment, its organisms and their specific adaptations. Emphasis on marine and estuarine ecology, intertidal habits, trophic relations, and physiology. Human impacts on the sea: fisheries, mariculture, pollution, introduced species, climate change and seawater acidification, and law of the sea. Taught yearly each fall.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111/L111 or BIO-114/L114 or Instructor's consent; BIO-254 concurrently;

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Field trips to local marine environments, museums, and aquaria; field and laboratory study and observations of live, preserved, and models of marine organisms.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111, L111 and BIO 114, L114 and CHEM 111, L111

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      The course is designed as an application base educational experience that will allow students to learn the standard techniques associated with successful cell culture. As such, students are responsible for the maintenance, propagation, isolation, and preservation of their cells. A number of cell types and experimental manipulations of the cultures are investigated throughout the semester.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Introduction to the statistical methods used to evaluate biological problems. Sampling, probability, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, experimental design, analysis of variance, regression, and correlation are some of the topics offered. Software for data handling, graphics, and analysis will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; Restricted to CAS Honor Students

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Introduction to the statistical methods used to evaluate biological problems. Sampling, probability, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, experimental design, analysis of variance, regression, and correlation are some of the topics offered. Software for data handling, graphics, and analysis will be used.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114; BIO L274 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      An examination of the basic principles of genetics in eukaryotes and prokaryotes at the level of molecules, cells, and multicellular organisms, including humans. Topics include Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance, structure and function of chromosomes and genomes, biological variation resulting from recombination, mutation, and selection, and population genetics.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, and BIO-L114. Must be taken concurrently with BIO 274.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Experiments designed to demonstrate principles presented in lecture, using a range of genetic model organisms that include E. coli, B. subtilis, S. cerevisiae, D. melanogaster, S. fimicola, and C. elegans.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111 and BIO 114/L114; BIO L274 concurrently; CAS Honors

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      An examination of the basic principles of genetics in eukaryotes and prokaryotes at the level of molecules, cells, and multicellular organisms, including humans. Topics include Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance, structure and function of chromosomes and genomes, biological variation resulting from recombination, mutation, and selection, and population genetics.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111 and BIO-L111; BIO-L285 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Viruses and bacteria are surveyed in terms of their ecology, biochemistry, taxonomy, molecular biology and control.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; BIO 285 concurrently;

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Introduction to microbiological techniques and their applications to health, research and industry.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111 and WRI 101, WRI 102, or WRI-103. BIO and Radiation Therapy majors with junior standing only.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Development of skills for writing clearly, concisely, and creatively in the style of scientific journals. This course emphasizes the formulation of a research project of the student's choice and leads to a formal manuscript on the topic. Instruction includes literature search methods and software for the graphical presentation of data. Professional development, including the preparation of job application materials and in-person interview skills, is also an integral part of this course. Required of all biology and radiation science majors. Junior standing required.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-L304 concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Mechanisms of physiological adaptations to environmental challenges are studied. Examples of gas exchange, osmoregulation, fluid transport, temperature regulation, nervous control, and movement are examined in various animal forms through class lecture and discussion, required readings, and external lectures. Spring semester.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114 and BIO-L114. Must take BIO-304 concurrently.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Selected physiological processes and mechanisms or adaptation in invertebrate and vertebrate animals are examined by observation and controlled experiments.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114/L114

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Surveys animal behavior in a range of species (invertebrates, birds, fish, mammals including humans) to assess similarities and differences in the evolution of behaviors and their physiological mechanisms by which individual organisms and species adapt to their environments. Topics include: predator evasion; mating systems; parental care; social behavior; and learning.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114/L114; BIO-L333 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Areas of study include but are not limited to basic principles of population biology, community ecology, trophic dynamics, ecosystem structure and function and evolutionary theory.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114/L114; BIO-L333 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Areas of study include but are not limited to basic principles of population biology, community ecology, trophic dynamics, ecosystem structure and function and evolutionary theory.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114, BIO-L114, and BIO-333 concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Field and laboratory experiences in techniques and concepts relevant to ecological theory, data collection, statistical analysis, visual representation and report preparation.

      Prerequisites:

      Take BIO-111 BIO-L111 BIO-114 BIO-L114. BIO 274 recommended.

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      A survey of evolutionary theory, exploring processes such as the genetic sources of variation, natural and sexual selection, and evolutionary developmental biology. Using phylogenetic systematics and other tools, we will demonstrate how these mechanisms result in the visible patterns of evolution. This is a reading-and-writing intensive course centered on close reading of Origin of the Species and discussion of recent peer-reviewed literature about evolution.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114 and BIO-L114

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course covers a broad spectrum of aspects of biodiversity and conservation by examining key elements ranging from global patterns in the distribution of life on our planet to the effects our human population is causing on those patterns. Examples from marine and terrestrial animals and plants are used to convey current ideas with a focus on the importance of global biodiversity, and the design of management programs for the conservation of species and ecosystems. 4-credit

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114/L114;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      A survey of the occurrence, life history and pathogenicity of the most important arthropod-borne, human diseases both internationally (malaria, dengue, plague, trypanosomiasis, yellow fever, etc.) and within the United States (Lyme disease, EEE, West Nile Virus, and others). Demographic and environmental factors leading to the re-emergence and spread of these diseases will be considered.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 114/L114, and Junior standing. Requires permission from Marine Sciences Coordinator.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      The evolution, systematics, anatomy, physiology and behavior of freshwater, marine and anadromous fishes from temperate to tropical environments. The interactions of fish in their environments, including predator-prey relationships, host-symbiont interactions, and fish as herbivores. Taken with permission from the Marine Science Consortium Coordinator. [This is a Marine Science Consortium Course and enrollment is limited] Evenings only: off campus

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, BIO-L114, and 2 BIO courses at the 200 level or above. Requires permission from Marine Sciences Coordinator.

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      This course provides a comprehensive review of the biology, ecology, and management of cetaceans. A thorough grounding in cetacean mammalogy and population biology will prepare students to understand conservation problems presented as case histories. Students will also complete an independent research paper on a topic related to cetacean biology. Hands-on activities may include the dissection of a small cetacean and a shore-based whale watch in Cape Cod Bay. This course is part of the Marine Studies Consortium and will be held at the New England Aquarium. Taken with permission from the Marine Science Consortium Coordinator. [This is a Marine Science Consortium Course and enrollment is limited]

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111, BIO-L111, BIO-114, BIO-L114, BIO-274, and BIO-L274

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      An examination of molecular and cellular mechanisms that lead to the development of cancer. Factors contributing to tumorgenesis, angiogenesis, and metastasis will be discussed; these factors, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, and signal transduction networks. In addition, an investigation of current strategies for cancer prevention and treatment will be considered.

      Prerequisites:

      Take BIO-274

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      The concept of immunity, response to infection, structure of the immune system, biochemistry of immunoglobins, antigen-antibody interactions, allergy, immunological injury, lymphocyte subpopulations and cellular immunity, tolerance suppression and enhancement. Taught alternate/even years.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-274 and BIO-L274 or BIO-285 and BIO-L285;

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      The molecular mechanisms of host-microbe interactions and the epidemiology and public health aspects of microorganisms are stressed. Also covered are current topics in microbiology including antimicrobial therapy and resistance, emerging pathogens and novel applications of microbiology. Experimental design and troubleshooting skills are developed, using contemporary microbiology and molecular biology laboratory techniques. Taught alternate/odd years.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO 111/L111; CHEM-211/L211; BIO-L403 concurrently;

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      The study of cells, approached through examinations of biochemical mechanisms, the relation between the structure and function of biological molecules and organelles, and the regulation of normal and diseased cells.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-111 and BIO-L11 and CHEM-211 and CHEM-L211. Must take BIO-403 concurrently.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Examination of biological molecules and their role in cell function. Techniques used in these examinations will include enzymatic analyses, gel electrophoresis, immunologic identification, chromatography, and spectroscopy. Students are expected to develop their proficiency in the laboratory techniques used, to analyze their results in a quantitative manner, and to present their findings.

      Prerequisites:

      CHEM-311 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274 and BIO-L474 concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      An examination of concepts and techniques of modern molecular biology. Topics include the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and proteins, the regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, genetic modification of organisms, and genome analysis. This course will incorporate readings and discussions of primary scientific literature. Spring semester.

      Prerequisites:

      Take CHEM-331 or BIO-274 and BIO-L274. BIO-474 must be taken concurrently.

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      This upper level laboratory course will consist of a semester-long project in the form of a series of consecutive experiments involving the generation of a genetically modified organism and its subsequent molecular analysis. Techniques employed will include genetic screens, DNA isolation, restriction endonuclease analysis, transformation of bacteria,gel electrophoresis, gene reported assays, RNA isolation, reverse transcription, and quantitative PCR.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO-114, L114

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course focuses on embryonic development in vertebrates. The conceptual focus on evolutionary developmental biology includes comparative developmental mechanisms and Epigenetic processes.

      Credits:

      0

      Description:

      This course requires students to complete a minimum of 15 engagement hours per semester. Students gain exposure to a variety of activities related to biology course preparation and/or research in a laboratory or field setting with faculty oversight. Permission of instructor required. May be taken more than once.

      Prerequisites:

      BIO111/BIOL111, BIO114/BIOL114. BIO274/BIOL274 may be taken as a corequisite

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Biology Internship: This course provides students with credit for an unpaid internship completed during the semester when credit is earned. Students must secure an approved internship and provide documentation from the internship's overseer to a full time faculty member sponsor in order to register for the course. The internship must involve participation in research and / or patient care. Students or their overseers will be required to submit monthly records of internship hours and provide the faculty sponsor with a written summary of internship experiences and accomplishments by the last week of classes. Only one internship may be used as a biology elective. This course is available for variable credit. Prerequisites: An Internship for Credit form must be submitted to the department chair Credits: 1-4

      Prerequisites:

      BIO111/BIOL111, BIO114/BIOL114. BIO274/BIOL274 may be taken as a corequisite

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Biology Internship: This course provides students with credit for an unpaid internship completed during the semester when credit is earned. Students must secure an approved internship and provide documentation from the internship's overseer to a full time faculty member sponsor in order to register for the course. The internship must involve participation in research and / or patient care. Students or their overseers will be required to submit monthly records of internship hours and provide the faculty sponsor with a written summary of internship experiences and accomplishments by the last week of classes. Only one internship may be used as a biology elective. This course is available for variable credit. Prerequisites: An Internship for Credit form must be submitted to the department chair Credits: 1-4

      Prerequisites:

      An independent study form must be submitted to the CAS Dean's Office.

      Credits:

      1.00- 5.00

      Description:

      Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Only ONE independent study may be used toward biology electives.

      Credits:

      1.00- 4.00

      Description:

      Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Thesis work is required to involve original research or an in-depth analysis.

      Credits:

      1.00- 4.00

      Description:

      Student projects may be initiated by a student or faculty member with the approval of the Chairperson. A paper and oral report are required. Thesis work is required to involve original research or an in-depth analysis.

      Prerequisites:

      Biology Majors Only; GPA 3.5 or Higher; Instructor Permission Required

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Students will write an honors thesis based on their own discovery research or experience at an internship. Students will learn to write the sections of a scientific paper and review the writing of others. A public presentation is required.

      Prerequisites:

      SCI-L103 must be taken concurrently

      Credits:

      3

      Description:

      Case study approach to the fundamentals of science applied to environmental degradation, ecosystems, geological processes, population dynamics, deforestation and biodiversity, climate change, ozone depletion, air soil, and water resource management, pollution and risks to health, economics and the environment, politics and the environment, and ethics and the environment.

      Prerequisites:

      Must take SCI-103 concurrently

      Credits:

      1

      Description:

      Laboratory exercises to illustrate the topics covered in Science 103. Field-testing and analysis of environmental samples. Field trip required.

      Prerequisites:

      Intro Math

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      Coastal environments will be analyzed with an emphasis on the important environmental characteristics of these areas. Management and environmental problems within the coastal and offshore areas such as beach erosion, beach access, and oil spills will be considered. One required field trip.

      Prerequisites:

      Take CHEM-111, CHEM-L111, CHEM-112, and CHEM-L112

      Credits:

      4

      Description:

      This course is designed to identify the ways that scientific knowledge can be used to resolve environmental problems, particularly the ocean's role in the biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impacts of humans on the cycling of these elements. Sample topics include the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impacts of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; and how climate change and pollution impact the marine environment with mitigation strategies outlined.