Physics
Major Requirements
Major Requirements: 23 courses and corresponding laboratories, 87 credits
The department offers several programs leading to a BS, including:
 Physics
 Physics with a concentration in astrophysics
 Physics with a concentration in planetary science
Core Requirements (11 courses and corresponding laboratories, 39 credits)
CAS201 College to Career: Explore Your Options And Find Your Path
CAS 101. CAS students only. SBS students by special permission. Restricted to the following majors: Art History, Asian Studies, Biology, Economics, English, French, History, Humanities, International Economics, Music History, Philosophy, Physics, Radiation Science, Spanish, and Undeclared. Instructor consent required for all other majors.
1.00
This course engages students in the early stages of career planning. Students will explore their interests, skills, values, and strengths, which will allow them to begin setting appropriate goals for professional development. Once students understand themselves in relation to the world of work, they will learn how to research careers and employment paths that fit with their goals.
PHYS151 University Physics I
MATH121 or higher (previously or concurrently) and PHYS L151 concurrently
3.00
PHYS 151 is the first of three courses (PHYS 151, 152, 153) that comprise the calculus based introductory physics sequence at Suffolk University intended for students majoring in the physical sciences, engineering and mathematics. This course aims to teach basic techniques in physics that fall under the topic of classical mechanics and their application in understanding the natural world. Specific topics include the study of vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, fluid mechanics, simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, sound and hearing. The student will learn how to analyze physical situations by using simple models, and also how to solve those models and derive useful conclusions from them. This course will show students how experimental results and mathematical representations are combined to create testable scientific theories, and how the complexities of most reallife physical situations can be reduced to simple problems by identifying the essential physical features and ignoring the rest. The student will learn to distinguish the scientific approach to physical situations from other ways of looking at them, for example, artistic, humanistic, and business.
PHYSL151 University Physics Lab I
MATH 121 or higher (previously or concurrently) PHYS 151 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: measurements, propagation of errors, vectors, Newton's laws, work and energy, momentum, rotations, oscillations, simple harmonic motion, fluid. Knowledge of algebra, trigonometry, differentiation and integration required.
PHYS152 University Physics II
PHYS151 and PHYSL151. Must be taken concurrently with PHYSL152.
3.00
This calculus based course begins with topics in kinetic theory and the laws of thermodynamics. It then covers electric charge and field, Gauss' law, electrical potential and capacitance, electric currents and DC circuits. Next magnetism, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law and AC circuits are discussed. This is followed by Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and properties of light.
PHYSL152 University Physics Lab II
PHYS 151 and L151 and PHYS 152 must be taken concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: heat, gas laws, electric forces, field, and potential, DC and AC circuits, magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, optics. Calculus, algebra, trigonometry are required. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks, and formal reports required.
PHYS153 University Physics III
MATH121, MATH164, or MATH165; PHYS151; PHYSL153 concurrently
3.00
This calculusbased course is the introduction of the topics of modern physics. It begins with special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom. Then Schrodinger's equation is introduced with use of wave functions, particle box, barrier penetration, quantum mechanical tunneling, the Pauli Exclusion principle, the development of the periodic table, and the Xray spectra. Development of solid state physics with bonding in molecules, band theory of solids and semiconductor behavior. The final topics cover nuclear physics, radioactivity, halflife, nuclear fission and fusion, medical uses of radiation, elementary particle physics and introduction to astrophysics.
PHYSL153 University Physics III Lab
PHYS153 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts of special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom.
PHYS361 Classical Mechanics I
PHYS 152 ; MATH 265 which may be taken concurrently
4.00
Newton's laws of motion, projectiles, momentum, energy, conservation laws, oscillations, Lagrange equations, generalized momenta, central forces, orbits. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS411 Undergraduate Research in Physics
Senior Standing
4.00
The senior project is the capstone research experience of the undergraduate Physics Major. This one semester course requires students to work one on one with faculty in an area of mutually agreed upon research. In general, the effort will involve the use of mathematical and programming skills, laboratory techniques, and possibly field work. The end result will be both a paper and a formal presentation to both faculty and students.
PHYS453 Modern Physics
PHYS153;
4.00
Topics include atoms and elementary particles, atomic, molecular and nuclear systems. Quantum states and probability amplitude, wave mechanics and thermal properties of matter. Atomic spectra and structure, and molecular systems. Nuclear reactions, alpha and beta decay and high energy physics. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS464 Statistical Physics
PHYS153/L153. PHYS362 or 363.
4.00
Macroscopic objects are made up of huge numbers of fundamental particles whose interactions are well understood. Physical properties that emerge from these interactions are, however, not simply related to these fundamental interactions. In this course we will develop the tools of statistical physics, which will allow us to predict emergent cooperative phenomena. We will apply those tools to a wide variety of physical questions, including the behavior of glasses, polymers, heat engines, magnets, and electrons in solids. Computer simulations will be extensively used to aid visualization and provide concrete realization of models in order to impart deeper understanding of statistical physics.
PHYS477 Electricity and Magnetism
Take PHYS152 and PHYSL152
4.00
Electrostatic field energy, methods for solution of boundary value problems. The magnetostatic field and magnetic circuits. Electromagnetic field energy, plane waves, wave guides and cavity resonators. Interaction of charge particles with electromagnetic fields. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYSL455 Advanced Laboratory
PHYS453
2.00
Classical and modern experiments in physics; Experiments may include Frank Hertz experiment, Hall effect, nuclear magnetic resonance, quantum dots, detection of muons, xray spectroscopy, ellipsometry, physics of timbre of musical instruments, data acquisition.
Choose one Physics elective
Math, Basic Science, Computer Science and Computational Physics Requirements: 9 courses and corresponding laboratories, 36 credits
CMPSCF131 Computer Science I
MATH placement 3 or higher, MATH121, MATH164, or MATH165 (previous or concurrent)
4.00
This is a rigorous introduction to computer science in Java with an emphasis on problem solving, structured programming, objectoriented programming, and graphical user interfaces. Topics include expressions, input/output, control structures, intrinsic data types, classes and methods, iteration, topdown programming, arrays, graphical user interfaces, and elements of UML. Normally offered each semester.
MATH165 Calculus I
MATH121 with a minimum grade of C, MATH075, or MATH level 5
4.00
Functions, limits and continuity, squeeze theorem, limits at infinity; instantaneous rate of change, tangent slopes, and the definition of the derivative of a function; power, product, and quotient rules, trig derivatives, chain rule, implicit differentiation; higher order derivatives; derivatives of other transcendental functions (inverse trig functions, exponential and log functions, hyperbolic trig functions); applications of the derivative (implicit differentiation, related rates, optimization, differentials, curve sketching, L'Hopital's rule); antiderivatives; indefinite integrals; Fundamental Theorem; applications (net change). 4 lecture hours plus 1 recitation session each week. Normally offered each semester.
MATH166 Calculus II
MATH164 or MATH165 with a minimum grade of C
4.00
Riemann sums and definite integrals; Fundamental Theorem; applications (areas); integration of exponential functions, trig functions, and inverse trig functions; techniques of integration (substitution, by parts, trig integrals, trig substitution, partial fractions); area, volume, and average value applications; differential equations (separable, exponential growth, linear); improper integrals; infinite sequences and series; convergence tests; power series; Taylor and Maclaurin series (computation, convergence, error estimates, differentiation and integration of Taylor series). 4 lecture hours plus 1 recitation session each week. Normally offered each semester.
MATH265 Calculus III
MATH 166 with grade of C or better
4.00
Parametric equations and polar coordinates (curves, areas, conic sections); vectors and the geometry of space (the dot product, vector arithmetic, lines and planes in 3space, the cross product, cylinders and quadratic surfaces); vector functions (limits, derivatives and integrals, motion in space); partial derivatives (functions of several variables, limits and continuity, tangent planes and differentials, chain rule, directional derivatives, gradient, extrema, Lagrange multipliers); multiple integrals (double integrals, applications); vector calculus (vector fields, line integrals, fundamental theorem for line integrals, Green's Theorem, curl and divergence, parametric surfaces, surface integrals). 4 lecture hours plus 1 recitation session each week. Normally offered each semester.
PHYS333 Math Methods of Physics
MATH265 and PHYS153
4.00
Applications of specific mathematical methods to problems in physics. Topics include complex analysis, integral transforms, eigenvalue problems, partial differential equations and group theory. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
Choose two of the following and the corresponding laboratories:
BIO111 Introduction to the Cell
Must take BIO L111 concurrently
3.00
Explanation of key biological structures and reactions of the cell. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some nonbiology science majors. This course is not recommended for the nonscience student.
BIOL111 Introduction to the Cell Laboratory
Concurrently with BIO 111
1.00
Sessions are designed to familiarize the student with biological molecules, and the techniques used in their study. The techniques covered include basic solution preparation, separation and quantification of molecules, enzyme catalysis,and cell isolation.
CHEM111 General Chemistry I
Placement at MATH 104 or better. Students who do not place at MATH 104 must take MATH 104 concurrently. Must be taken concurrently with CHEML111.
3.00
Fundamental principles of chemistry are discussed. Introduces atomic structure, stoichiometry, the periodic table, the nature of chemical bonds, and chemical reactions. This course is recommended for science majors or those considering careers in the health sciences.
CHEML111 General Chemistry Laboratory I
MATH104 MATH108 MATH121 MATH128 MATH130 MATH134 MATH164 MATH165 MATHTMPEL1 MATHTMPEL2 or MATHTMPEL3. Must be taken concurrently with CHEM 111.
1.00
Introduces the basic principles of chemistry through "discovery" laboratory experiments. Learn safe laboratory practices and basic techniques such as determining mass and volume, representing data in the form of tables and graphs, and synthesizing and isolating a metal complex. Participate in workshop activities that include understanding modern approaches to the scientific method, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and building molecular models. This laboratory is designed around the foundational laboratory skills practiced by science students in a wide variety of majors.
CHEM112 General Chemistry II
CHEM 111/L111; CHEML112 must be taken concurrently. MATH 104 placement or higher.
3.00
This course is a continuation of General Chemistry I. Fundamental principles of chemistry are discussed. Introduces thermochemistry, gases, solution chemistry, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acidbase systems, and thermodynamics.
CHEML112 General Chemistry Laboratory II
CHEM111/L111; CHEM112 must be take concurrently. MATH104 placement or higher.
1.00
This course is a continuation of General Chemistry I Laboratory. Apply the basic principles of chemistry through discovery laboratory experiments with an emphasis on quantitative analysis. Execute basic analytical techniques such as the application of Beer's Law and acidbase titrations. This laboratory is designed around the foundational laboratory skills practiced by science students in a wide variety of majors.
MATH255 Probability and Statistics
MATH165 or MATH164 with a grade of C or better
4.00
Topics include: random variable and distribution; expectation and variance; special discrete/continuous distributions (uniform, binomial, negative binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, Poisson, normal, and exponential distributions); joint distribution, marginal distribution and conditional distribution; covariance; limit theorems (law of large numbers and central limit theorem); introduction to confidence interval and hypothesis testing; regression analysis. Offered as needed.
MATH373 Ordinary Differential Equations
MATH265 (may be taken concurrently)
4.00
A first course in differential equations. Topics generally include separable, homogeneous, exact, and linear first order differential equations; variations of parameters, differential operators, the Laplace transform, inverse transforms, systems of differential equations, power series solutions, Fourier series, and applications.
Choose one Science elective (Science course 200level or higher).
Note: Please consult with physics advisor regarding elective choice, as several 200level or higher courses may not apply towards the elective credit requirement.
Choose one of the following courses:
CMPSCF132 Computer Science II
CMPSC F131
4.00
Computer Science II (CSII) is the continuation of Computer Science I. The purpose of CSII is to expand students' understanding of Computer Science and computer programming, assuming that they have the basic knowledge of the Java language. The course introduce another programming language  C  and also focuses on the pure ObjectOriented features of Java, such as inheritance, polymorphism, and exceptions, as well as on simple data structures (lists, stacks, and queues) and algorithms (searching and sorting). By the end of the semester students will be able to develop sizable (several pages long) computer programs in the C and Java languages. Efficient C and Java program development requires an Integrated Development Environment (IDE)  a collection of tools that make it possible to edit, compile, and debug C and Java programs. Our IDE of choice is Eclipse. Eclipse is free and available for many operating systems, including Microsoft Windows (all flavors), Linux, Unix, and Mac OS X.
MATH331 Introduction to Advanced Mathematics
Take MATH185 with a grade of C or better
4.00
this course is intended to provide a firm foundation for and a taste of the study of advanced mathematics. While the course content varies somewhat, it is designed to give students a deeper understanding of the algebraic and analytical structure of the integers, the rational numbers and the real numbers and how they act as a building block to a variety of fields of mathematics. Students are introduced to the process of mathematical discovery and the language of mathematics. Exercises and projects are designed to illustrate the need for proof and to further refine the student's ability to analyze, conjecture and write mathematical proofs. This course is a prerequisite for most upper level mathematics courses and, after completing it a student will be in a position to determine realistically if he or she ought to major or minor in mathematics.
Advanced Physics Requirements (3 courses and corresponding laboratories, 12 credits)
PHYS253 Introduction to Electronic Devices
Take PHYS152 and PHYSL152; Take PHYSL253 concurrently
3.00
Materials and device structures for applications in analog and digital electronics. Topics include characteristics and basic circuits for diodes, fieldeffect transistors, bipolar junction transistors, operational amplifiers and programmable logic devices.
PHYSL253 Introduction to Electronic Devices Laboratory
Take PHYS152 and PHYSL152; Take PHYS253 concurrently
1.00
Materials and device structures for applications in analog and digital electronics. Topics include characteristics and basic circuits for diodes, fieldeffect transistors, bipolar junction transistors, operational amplifiers and programmable logic devices.
PHYS362 Classical Mechanics II
PHYS 361
4.00
Mechanics in noninertial frames, rotational motion of rigid bodies, coupled oscillations, nonlinear mechanics and chaos, Hamiltonian mechanics, collision theory, continuum mechanics. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
Choose one of the following courses:
PHYS461 Quantum Mechanics I
PHYS361
4.00
Nonrelativistic study of particle systems, wave mechanical treatment, development of the concepts of observables, state vectors, operators and matrix representations. Hilbert space, angular momenta, coupling, symmetries, scattering, and perturbation theory. Harmonic oscillator and Hydrogen atom. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once a week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
Note: Students taking the Astrophysics or Planetary Science concentrations do not need to complete the Advanced Physics requirements.
Residency Requirement Policy: In the College of Arts and Sciences, a twocourse (8 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for completion of a minor and a fourcourse (16 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for the completion of a major.
Physics Learning Goals & Objectives
Learning goals and objectives reflect the educational outcomes achieved by students through the completion of this program. These transferable skills prepare Suffolk students for success in the workplace, in graduate school, and in their local and global communities.
Learning Goals  Learning Objectives 

Students will... 
Students will be able to... 
Acquire knowledge of physical principles. 

Acquire scientific and professional skills. 

Effectively pursue career objectives. 

Concentrations
Students may choose a concentration in either Astrophysics or Planetary Science.
The Astrophysics concentration is directed towards students interested in pursuing graduate studies in astrophysics and is run in close collaboration with Suffolk's Madrid campus. Students are required to spend Summer Session I following their junior year in Madrid to take upperlevel courses in astrophysics. These courses will include trips to the Canary Islands to take data at one of the world’s major astronomical observatories, the Tenerife Observatory.
The Planetary Science concentration provides core training in earth and planetary sciences, together with mathematics, applied physics, computational and instrumental technology, needed for professions in the earth and space sciences.
Physics Major with Astrophysics or Planetary Science Concentration Requirements: 23 courses and corresponding laboratories, 87 credits
Core Requirements (11 courses, 39 credits)
CAS201 College to Career: Explore Your Options And Find Your Path
CAS 101. CAS students only. SBS students by special permission. Restricted to the following majors: Art History, Asian Studies, Biology, Economics, English, French, History, Humanities, International Economics, Music History, Philosophy, Physics, Radiation Science, Spanish, and Undeclared. Instructor consent required for all other majors.
1.00
This course engages students in the early stages of career planning. Students will explore their interests, skills, values, and strengths, which will allow them to begin setting appropriate goals for professional development. Once students understand themselves in relation to the world of work, they will learn how to research careers and employment paths that fit with their goals.
PHYS151 University Physics I
MATH121 or higher (previously or concurrently) and PHYS L151 concurrently
3.00
PHYS 151 is the first of three courses (PHYS 151, 152, 153) that comprise the calculus based introductory physics sequence at Suffolk University intended for students majoring in the physical sciences, engineering and mathematics. This course aims to teach basic techniques in physics that fall under the topic of classical mechanics and their application in understanding the natural world. Specific topics include the study of vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, fluid mechanics, simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, sound and hearing. The student will learn how to analyze physical situations by using simple models, and also how to solve those models and derive useful conclusions from them. This course will show students how experimental results and mathematical representations are combined to create testable scientific theories, and how the complexities of most reallife physical situations can be reduced to simple problems by identifying the essential physical features and ignoring the rest. The student will learn to distinguish the scientific approach to physical situations from other ways of looking at them, for example, artistic, humanistic, and business.
PHYSL151 University Physics Lab I
MATH 121 or higher (previously or concurrently) PHYS 151 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: measurements, propagation of errors, vectors, Newton's laws, work and energy, momentum, rotations, oscillations, simple harmonic motion, fluid. Knowledge of algebra, trigonometry, differentiation and integration required.
PHYS152 University Physics II
PHYS151 and PHYSL151. Must be taken concurrently with PHYSL152.
3.00
This calculus based course begins with topics in kinetic theory and the laws of thermodynamics. It then covers electric charge and field, Gauss' law, electrical potential and capacitance, electric currents and DC circuits. Next magnetism, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law and AC circuits are discussed. This is followed by Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and properties of light.
PHYSL152 University Physics Lab II
PHYS 151 and L151 and PHYS 152 must be taken concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: heat, gas laws, electric forces, field, and potential, DC and AC circuits, magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, optics. Calculus, algebra, trigonometry are required. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks, and formal reports required.
PHYS153 University Physics III
MATH121, MATH164, or MATH165; PHYS151; PHYSL153 concurrently
3.00
This calculusbased course is the introduction of the topics of modern physics. It begins with special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom. Then Schrodinger's equation is introduced with use of wave functions, particle box, barrier penetration, quantum mechanical tunneling, the Pauli Exclusion principle, the development of the periodic table, and the Xray spectra. Development of solid state physics with bonding in molecules, band theory of solids and semiconductor behavior. The final topics cover nuclear physics, radioactivity, halflife, nuclear fission and fusion, medical uses of radiation, elementary particle physics and introduction to astrophysics.
PHYSL153 University Physics III Lab
PHYS153 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts of special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom.
PHYS361 Classical Mechanics I
PHYS 152 ; MATH 265 which may be taken concurrently
4.00
Newton's laws of motion, projectiles, momentum, energy, conservation laws, oscillations, Lagrange equations, generalized momenta, central forces, orbits. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS411 Undergraduate Research in Physics
Senior Standing
4.00
The senior project is the capstone research experience of the undergraduate Physics Major. This one semester course requires students to work one on one with faculty in an area of mutually agreed upon research. In general, the effort will involve the use of mathematical and programming skills, laboratory techniques, and possibly field work. The end result will be both a paper and a formal presentation to both faculty and students.
PHYS453 Modern Physics
PHYS153;
4.00
Topics include atoms and elementary particles, atomic, molecular and nuclear systems. Quantum states and probability amplitude, wave mechanics and thermal properties of matter. Atomic spectra and structure, and molecular systems. Nuclear reactions, alpha and beta decay and high energy physics. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS464 Statistical Physics
PHYS153/L153. PHYS362 or 363.
4.00
Macroscopic objects are made up of huge numbers of fundamental particles whose interactions are well understood. Physical properties that emerge from these interactions are, however, not simply related to these fundamental interactions. In this course we will develop the tools of statistical physics, which will allow us to predict emergent cooperative phenomena. We will apply those tools to a wide variety of physical questions, including the behavior of glasses, polymers, heat engines, magnets, and electrons in solids. Computer simulations will be extensively used to aid visualization and provide concrete realization of models in order to impart deeper understanding of statistical physics.
PHYS477 Electricity and Magnetism
Take PHYS152 and PHYSL152
4.00
Electrostatic field energy, methods for solution of boundary value problems. The magnetostatic field and magnetic circuits. Electromagnetic field energy, plane waves, wave guides and cavity resonators. Interaction of charge particles with electromagnetic fields. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYSL455 Advanced Laboratory
PHYS453
2.00
Classical and modern experiments in physics; Experiments may include Frank Hertz experiment, Hall effect, nuclear magnetic resonance, quantum dots, detection of muons, xray spectroscopy, ellipsometry, physics of timbre of musical instruments, data acquisition.
Choose one Physics elective.
Choose one of the following concentrations:
Astrophysics Concentration Requirements (3 courses and corresponding laboratories where applicable, 12 credits)
PHYS205 Introduction to Astrophysics
Prerequisite: PHYS 151152
4.00
An introduction to the concepts and methods of astrophysics; including a history of astronomy from the ancients to Newton; light; telescopes; sun, earth, moon planets, comets, asteroids, meteors, space programs, science and technology in society. Astronomy of the cosmos; sun, stars, interstellar materials, galaxies, pulsars, quasars, black holes; nature of time relativity, cosmology.
PHYS381 Observational Astronomy
PHYS 151 AND PHYS 152 OR PHYS 153.
2.00 3.00
The topics covered include theoretical foundations of observational astronomy, designs of telescopes, instrumentation for telescopes, data acquisition and management, as well as practical problems in observational astronomy. Offered together with the laboratory component PHYS L381.
PHYSL381 Laboratory Research Assistantship III
Permission of Dept. Chair Required
1.00 2.00
The topics covered include theoretical foundations of observational astronomy, designs of telescopes, instrumentation for telescopes, data acquisition and management, as well as practical problems in observational astronomy.
PHYS360 Topics in Astrobiology and Life in Extreme Environments
BIO111 and PHYS213
4.00
The discovery of extreme environments and new insights into evolution, emergence and sustenance of life has expanded the view of life into a broader feasibility outside Earth. Discovery of exoplanets has opened up serious scientific exploration towards search for life in other planets. This upperlevel course will introduce the scientific principles that underlie this newly evolving science of astrobiology. Discussion will include unique perspectives in life at extreme environments within Earth and their implication to the concepts of evolution and origins of life that form the basis for better understanding the habitability within our planet as well as any possibility of life in other planets.
Planetary Science Concentration Requirements (3 courses and corresponding laboratories where applicable, 12 credits)
PHYS213 Introduction to Earth & Planetary Interiors
CHEM111 and CHEM112 OR PHYS111 and PHYS112
4.00
This course provides an overview of the chemical and physical properties of the material constituents of the Earth and terrestrial planets, including minerals, rocks, lavas, and supercritical water. Topics include mineral structure and composition, bonding, optical properties, xray diffraction, phase transformations, and surface properties. The physics and chemistry of energy materials, synthetic nanomaterials will be included with emphasis/focus on energy resources, environmental impact, and geopolitical implications. There are no mandatory prerequisites for this course, but students who have taken introductory chemistry and/or physics will be familiar with some concepts discussed, and will find the going easier. Some background in Earth science is assumed (at the level of PHYS213), and competence in basic chemistry is expected (some review will be provided where appropriate). The course is not mathematically intensive, but an appreciation of the fundamentals of calculus is important.
PHYS350 Planetary Materials
PHYS213
4.00
This course provides an overview of the chemical and physical properties of the material constituents of the Earth and terrestrial planets, including minerals, rocks, lavas, and supercritical water. Topics include mineral structure and composition,bonding,optical properties, xray diffraction, phase transformations, and surface properties. The physics and chemistry of energy materials, synthetic nanomaterials will be included with emphasis/focus on energy resources, environmental impact, and geopolitical implications. There are no mandatory prerequisites for this course, but students who have taken introductory chemistry and/or physics will be familiar with some concepts discussed, and will find the going easier. Some background in Earth science is assumed (at the level of PHYS213), and competence in basic chemistry is expected (some review will be provided where appropriate). The course is not mathematically intensive, but an appreciation of the fundamentals of calculus is important.
PHYS360 Topics in Astrobiology and Life in Extreme Environments
BIO111 and PHYS213
4.00
The discovery of extreme environments and new insights into evolution, emergence and sustenance of life has expanded the view of life into a broader feasibility outside Earth. Discovery of exoplanets has opened up serious scientific exploration towards search for life in other planets. This upperlevel course will introduce the scientific principles that underlie this newly evolving science of astrobiology. Discussion will include unique perspectives in life at extreme environments within Earth and their implication to the concepts of evolution and origins of life that form the basis for better understanding the habitability within our planet as well as any possibility of life in other planets.
Math and Science Requirements (9 courses, 36 credits)
MATH165 Calculus I
MATH121 with a minimum grade of C, MATH075, or MATH level 5
4.00
Functions, limits and continuity, squeeze theorem, limits at infinity; instantaneous rate of change, tangent slopes, and the definition of the derivative of a function; power, product, and quotient rules, trig derivatives, chain rule, implicit differentiation; higher order derivatives; derivatives of other transcendental functions (inverse trig functions, exponential and log functions, hyperbolic trig functions); applications of the derivative (implicit differentiation, related rates, optimization, differentials, curve sketching, L'Hopital's rule); antiderivatives; indefinite integrals; Fundamental Theorem; applications (net change). 4 lecture hours plus 1 recitation session each week. Normally offered each semester.
MATH166 Calculus II
MATH164 or MATH165 with a minimum grade of C
4.00
Riemann sums and definite integrals; Fundamental Theorem; applications (areas); integration of exponential functions, trig functions, and inverse trig functions; techniques of integration (substitution, by parts, trig integrals, trig substitution, partial fractions); area, volume, and average value applications; differential equations (separable, exponential growth, linear); improper integrals; infinite sequences and series; convergence tests; power series; Taylor and Maclaurin series (computation, convergence, error estimates, differentiation and integration of Taylor series). 4 lecture hours plus 1 recitation session each week. Normally offered each semester.
MATH265 Calculus III
MATH 166 with grade of C or better
4.00
Parametric equations and polar coordinates (curves, areas, conic sections); vectors and the geometry of space (the dot product, vector arithmetic, lines and planes in 3space, the cross product, cylinders and quadratic surfaces); vector functions (limits, derivatives and integrals, motion in space); partial derivatives (functions of several variables, limits and continuity, tangent planes and differentials, chain rule, directional derivatives, gradient, extrema, Lagrange multipliers); multiple integrals (double integrals, applications); vector calculus (vector fields, line integrals, fundamental theorem for line integrals, Green's Theorem, curl and divergence, parametric surfaces, surface integrals). 4 lecture hours plus 1 recitation session each week. Normally offered each semester.
CMPSCF131 Computer Science I
MATH placement 3 or higher, MATH121, MATH164, or MATH165 (previous or concurrent)
4.00
This is a rigorous introduction to computer science in Java with an emphasis on problem solving, structured programming, objectoriented programming, and graphical user interfaces. Topics include expressions, input/output, control structures, intrinsic data types, classes and methods, iteration, topdown programming, arrays, graphical user interfaces, and elements of UML. Normally offered each semester.
CMPSCF132 Computer Science II
CMPSC F131
4.00
Computer Science II (CSII) is the continuation of Computer Science I. The purpose of CSII is to expand students' understanding of Computer Science and computer programming, assuming that they have the basic knowledge of the Java language. The course introduce another programming language  C  and also focuses on the pure ObjectOriented features of Java, such as inheritance, polymorphism, and exceptions, as well as on simple data structures (lists, stacks, and queues) and algorithms (searching and sorting). By the end of the semester students will be able to develop sizable (several pages long) computer programs in the C and Java languages. Efficient C and Java program development requires an Integrated Development Environment (IDE)  a collection of tools that make it possible to edit, compile, and debug C and Java programs. Our IDE of choice is Eclipse. Eclipse is free and available for many operating systems, including Microsoft Windows (all flavors), Linux, Unix, and Mac OS X.
Choose two Science electives (Science courses at the 200level or higher).
Note: Please consult with physics advisor regarding elective choice, as several 200level or higher courses may not apply towards the elective credit requirement.
Choose two courses and the corresponding laboratories from the following:
BIO111 Introduction to the Cell
Must take BIO L111 concurrently
3.00
Explanation of key biological structures and reactions of the cell. This is an introductory course required of all biology majors and minors, and some nonbiology science majors. This course is not recommended for the nonscience student.
BIOL111 Introduction to the Cell Laboratory
Concurrently with BIO 111
1.00
Sessions are designed to familiarize the student with biological molecules, and the techniques used in their study. The techniques covered include basic solution preparation, separation and quantification of molecules, enzyme catalysis,and cell isolation.
CHEM111 General Chemistry I
Placement at MATH 104 or better. Students who do not place at MATH 104 must take MATH 104 concurrently. Must be taken concurrently with CHEML111.
3.00
Fundamental principles of chemistry are discussed. Introduces atomic structure, stoichiometry, the periodic table, the nature of chemical bonds, and chemical reactions. This course is recommended for science majors or those considering careers in the health sciences.
CHEML111 General Chemistry Laboratory I
MATH104 MATH108 MATH121 MATH128 MATH130 MATH134 MATH164 MATH165 MATHTMPEL1 MATHTMPEL2 or MATHTMPEL3. Must be taken concurrently with CHEM 111.
1.00
Introduces the basic principles of chemistry through "discovery" laboratory experiments. Learn safe laboratory practices and basic techniques such as determining mass and volume, representing data in the form of tables and graphs, and synthesizing and isolating a metal complex. Participate in workshop activities that include understanding modern approaches to the scientific method, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and building molecular models. This laboratory is designed around the foundational laboratory skills practiced by science students in a wide variety of majors.
CHEM112 General Chemistry II
CHEM 111/L111; CHEML112 must be taken concurrently. MATH 104 placement or higher.
3.00
This course is a continuation of General Chemistry I. Fundamental principles of chemistry are discussed. Introduces thermochemistry, gases, solution chemistry, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acidbase systems, and thermodynamics.
CHEML112 General Chemistry Laboratory II
CHEM111/L111; CHEM112 must be take concurrently. MATH104 placement or higher.
1.00
This course is a continuation of General Chemistry I Laboratory. Apply the basic principles of chemistry through discovery laboratory experiments with an emphasis on quantitative analysis. Execute basic analytical techniques such as the application of Beer's Law and acidbase titrations. This laboratory is designed around the foundational laboratory skills practiced by science students in a wide variety of majors.
Minor Requirements
Minor Requirements: 5 courses and corresponding laboratories, 20 credits
PHYS151 University Physics I
MATH121 or higher (previously or concurrently) and PHYS L151 concurrently
3.00
PHYS 151 is the first of three courses (PHYS 151, 152, 153) that comprise the calculus based introductory physics sequence at Suffolk University intended for students majoring in the physical sciences, engineering and mathematics. This course aims to teach basic techniques in physics that fall under the topic of classical mechanics and their application in understanding the natural world. Specific topics include the study of vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, fluid mechanics, simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, sound and hearing. The student will learn how to analyze physical situations by using simple models, and also how to solve those models and derive useful conclusions from them. This course will show students how experimental results and mathematical representations are combined to create testable scientific theories, and how the complexities of most reallife physical situations can be reduced to simple problems by identifying the essential physical features and ignoring the rest. The student will learn to distinguish the scientific approach to physical situations from other ways of looking at them, for example, artistic, humanistic, and business.
PHYSL151 University Physics Lab I
MATH 121 or higher (previously or concurrently) PHYS 151 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: measurements, propagation of errors, vectors, Newton's laws, work and energy, momentum, rotations, oscillations, simple harmonic motion, fluid. Knowledge of algebra, trigonometry, differentiation and integration required.
PHYS152 University Physics II
PHYS151 and PHYSL151. Must be taken concurrently with PHYSL152.
3.00
This calculus based course begins with topics in kinetic theory and the laws of thermodynamics. It then covers electric charge and field, Gauss' law, electrical potential and capacitance, electric currents and DC circuits. Next magnetism, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law and AC circuits are discussed. This is followed by Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and properties of light.
PHYSL152 University Physics Lab II
PHYS 151 and L151 and PHYS 152 must be taken concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: heat, gas laws, electric forces, field, and potential, DC and AC circuits, magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, optics. Calculus, algebra, trigonometry are required. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks, and formal reports required.
PHYS153 University Physics III
MATH121, MATH164, or MATH165; PHYS151; PHYSL153 concurrently
3.00
This calculusbased course is the introduction of the topics of modern physics. It begins with special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom. Then Schrodinger's equation is introduced with use of wave functions, particle box, barrier penetration, quantum mechanical tunneling, the Pauli Exclusion principle, the development of the periodic table, and the Xray spectra. Development of solid state physics with bonding in molecules, band theory of solids and semiconductor behavior. The final topics cover nuclear physics, radioactivity, halflife, nuclear fission and fusion, medical uses of radiation, elementary particle physics and introduction to astrophysics.
PHYSL153 University Physics III Lab
PHYS153 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts of special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom.
Choose any two PHYS courses above the 200level.
Residency Requirement Policy: In the College of Arts and Sciences, a twocourse (8 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for completion of a minor and a fourcourse (16 credit) residency requirement must be satisfied for the completion of a major.
Minor Programs Policy: A student declaring a minor may use no more than two courses from a major to fulfill the requirements for the minor. No more than one course from one minor may count toward the fulfillment of a second minor. Students may not minor in a subject in which they are also completing a major. For more information, see the Minor Programs section of the CAS Degree Requirements page.
Honors
To complete requirements for honors in the major, a candidate must:
 Graduate with a GPA of 3.4 or higher in the mathematics and science requirements for the major
 Note: At least 15 of these credits must be completed at Suffolk University.
 Complete a competency exam administered by the department at the end of the junior year
 Note: The examination covers all technical courses required for the major, taken by the student up to and including that semester. The test consists of problems selected from all of the main topics in each course. A threeperson honors committee will assist students in preparing for the examination.
 Complete PHYSH533
 Pass an oral examination administered by the honors committee at the end of the senior year
 CAS Honors Program students only: Present work from your senior honors experience at the Honors Symposium or Pecha Kucha event
PHYSH533 Honors Special Topics in Physics
Take PHYS153; Honors students only.
2.00 4.00
Special topics not covered in other 300/400level physics courses. Topics can range from General Relativity to Relativistic quantum mechanics, depending on student interest.
Societies
Sigma Pi Sigma
The Suffolk University Chapter of the National Society of Physics Students was established in 1979. Election to Sigma Pi Sigma membership is conducted by the active Sigma Pi Sigma members. To be eligible, a student does not have to be a Physics major but must rank in the upper 20% of his/her class, have a minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.0, and a Physics grade point average of 3.3.
Society of Physics Students
The Society of Physics Students (SPS) is the student wing of American Institute of Physics (AIP). As a professional student association, it is focused on helping students develop the wellrounded skillset needed to succeed beyond the classroom. The Suffolk University chapter is open to any Suffolk student interested in physics. This network connects students across 200 colleges nationwide, many of which are right here in Boston. SPS provides and supports opportunities for students to develop professionally by attending conferences and workshops, organizing conferences, and participating in internship programs. It recognizes the need for students to develop leadership skills and experience in science outreach activities while they are in an undergraduate program.
The SPS helps students become contributing members of the professional community. Course work develops only one range of skills. Other skills needed to flourish professionally include effective communication and personal interactions, leadership experience, establishing a personal network of contacts, presenting scholarly work in professional meetings and journals, and providing outreach services to the campus and local communities.
Physics Courses
PHYS111 College Physics I
Take MATH121 or MATH134 or MATH165 or permission of Physics department chair; PHYSL111 taken concurrently
3.00
Introduction to the fundamental principles of physics. Study of kinematics, vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, energy and work, momentum,heat and thermodynamics, kinetic theory. The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course.
PHYSL111 College Physics Lab I
PHYS 111 concurrently
1.00
Introduction to the fundamental principles of physics. Study of kinematics, vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, energy and work, momentum,heat and thermodynamics, kinetic theory. The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks and formal reports required.
PHYS112 College Physics II
PHYS111 and PHYSL11. Must be taken concurrently with PHYSL112.
3.00
Continuation of the fundamental principles of physics. Study of simple harmonic motion, waves, fluids, electric forces and fields, electric potential, DC circuits, electromagnetic induction, magnetic fields, AC circuits, introduction to optics, introduction to atomic, nuclear and particle physics.
PHYSL112 College Physics Lab II
PHYS 111 and PHYS L111; PHYS 112 must be taken concurrently
1.00
Continuation of the fundamental principles of physics. Study of simple harmonic motion, waves, fluids, electric forces and fields, electric potential, DC circuits, electromagnetic induction, magnetic fields, AC circuits, introduction to optics, introduction to atomic, nuclear and particle physics. The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks, and formal reports required.
PHYS151 University Physics I
MATH121 or higher (previously or concurrently) and PHYS L151 concurrently
3.00
PHYS 151 is the first of three courses (PHYS 151, 152, 153) that comprise the calculus based introductory physics sequence at Suffolk University intended for students majoring in the physical sciences, engineering and mathematics. This course aims to teach basic techniques in physics that fall under the topic of classical mechanics and their application in understanding the natural world. Specific topics include the study of vectors, Newton's laws, rotations, rigid body statics and dynamics, fluid mechanics, simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, sound and hearing. The student will learn how to analyze physical situations by using simple models, and also how to solve those models and derive useful conclusions from them. This course will show students how experimental results and mathematical representations are combined to create testable scientific theories, and how the complexities of most reallife physical situations can be reduced to simple problems by identifying the essential physical features and ignoring the rest. The student will learn to distinguish the scientific approach to physical situations from other ways of looking at them, for example, artistic, humanistic, and business.
PHYSL151 University Physics Lab I
MATH 121 or higher (previously or concurrently) PHYS 151 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: measurements, propagation of errors, vectors, Newton's laws, work and energy, momentum, rotations, oscillations, simple harmonic motion, fluid. Knowledge of algebra, trigonometry, differentiation and integration required.
PHYS152 University Physics II
PHYS151 and PHYSL151. Must be taken concurrently with PHYSL152.
3.00
This calculus based course begins with topics in kinetic theory and the laws of thermodynamics. It then covers electric charge and field, Gauss' law, electrical potential and capacitance, electric currents and DC circuits. Next magnetism, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law and AC circuits are discussed. This is followed by Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and properties of light.
PHYSL152 University Physics Lab II
PHYS 151 and L151 and PHYS 152 must be taken concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts studied in the course: heat, gas laws, electric forces, field, and potential, DC and AC circuits, magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, optics. Calculus, algebra, trigonometry are required. Error propagation, use of Excel, laboratory notebooks, and formal reports required.
PHYS153 University Physics III
MATH121, MATH164, or MATH165; PHYS151; PHYSL153 concurrently
3.00
This calculusbased course is the introduction of the topics of modern physics. It begins with special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom. Then Schrodinger's equation is introduced with use of wave functions, particle box, barrier penetration, quantum mechanical tunneling, the Pauli Exclusion principle, the development of the periodic table, and the Xray spectra. Development of solid state physics with bonding in molecules, band theory of solids and semiconductor behavior. The final topics cover nuclear physics, radioactivity, halflife, nuclear fission and fusion, medical uses of radiation, elementary particle physics and introduction to astrophysics.
PHYSL153 University Physics III Lab
PHYS153 concurrently
1.00
The laboratory consists of experiments to illustrate the basic concepts of special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, relativistic momentum and energy, addition of relativistic velocities, then covers early quantum theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, photon interactions, pair production, and the Bohr theory of the atom.
PHYS205 Introduction to Astrophysics
Prerequisite: PHYS 151152
4.00
An introduction to the concepts and methods of astrophysics; including a history of astronomy from the ancients to Newton; light; telescopes; sun, earth, moon planets, comets, asteroids, meteors, space programs, science and technology in society. Astronomy of the cosmos; sun, stars, interstellar materials, galaxies, pulsars, quasars, black holes; nature of time relativity, cosmology.
PHYS213 Introduction to Earth & Planetary Interiors
CHEM111 and CHEM112 OR PHYS111 and PHYS112
4.00
This course provides an overview of the chemical and physical properties of the material constituents of the Earth and terrestrial planets, including minerals, rocks, lavas, and supercritical water. Topics include mineral structure and composition, bonding, optical properties, xray diffraction, phase transformations, and surface properties. The physics and chemistry of energy materials, synthetic nanomaterials will be included with emphasis/focus on energy resources, environmental impact, and geopolitical implications. There are no mandatory prerequisites for this course, but students who have taken introductory chemistry and/or physics will be familiar with some concepts discussed, and will find the going easier. Some background in Earth science is assumed (at the level of PHYS213), and competence in basic chemistry is expected (some review will be provided where appropriate). The course is not mathematically intensive, but an appreciation of the fundamentals of calculus is important.
PHYS215 Nanomaterials and the Energy Problem
CHEM 111112 or PHYS 111112 Or Permission of Instructor
4.00
This course is designed as an introduction to nanotechnology and some of its important uses. It is aimed at science majors who have taken basic courses in physics or chemistry. The course will cover the properties and uses of carbonnanotubes, nanocomposites, and other nanomaterials that are being fabricated in labs and industries around the world. It will serve as an introduction to the important role of nanomaterials in solving modernday energy problems.
PHYS253 Introduction to Electronic Devices
Take PHYS152 and PHYSL152; Take PHYSL253 concurrently
3.00
Materials and device structures for applications in analog and digital electronics. Topics include characteristics and basic circuits for diodes, fieldeffect transistors, bipolar junction transistors, operational amplifiers and programmable logic devices.
PHYSL253 Introduction to Electronic Devices Laboratory
Take PHYS152 and PHYSL152; Take PHYS253 concurrently
1.00
Materials and device structures for applications in analog and digital electronics. Topics include characteristics and basic circuits for diodes, fieldeffect transistors, bipolar junction transistors, operational amplifiers and programmable logic devices.
PHYSL304 Radiation Therapy Practicum
Take PHYS301 PHYSL301;*Course fulfills the following: Expanded Classroom Requirement.
1.00
Student radiation therapists will spend 12 weeks (fulltime, 40 hrs/wk) gaining hands on patient care experience in the department of radiation oncology at our clinical affiliates. Under constant supervision by licensed therapists, the student will be guided toward the application of theory in the real world of cancer treatment.
PHYSL314 Medical Dosimetry Practicum
Take PHYS301 and PHYSL311; *Course fulfills the following: Expanded Classroom Requirement.
1.00
Student dosimetrists will spend 12 weeks (fulltime, 40 hrs/wk) gaining hands on treatment planning experience in the department of radiation oncology at our clinical affiliates. Under constant supervision of certified medical dosimetrists, the student will be guided toward the application of theory in the real world of cancer treatment planning.
PHYS333 Math Methods of Physics
MATH265 and PHYS153
4.00
Applications of specific mathematical methods to problems in physics. Topics include complex analysis, integral transforms, eigenvalue problems, partial differential equations and group theory. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS350 Planetary Materials
PHYS213
4.00
This course provides an overview of the chemical and physical properties of the material constituents of the Earth and terrestrial planets, including minerals, rocks, lavas, and supercritical water. Topics include mineral structure and composition,bonding,optical properties, xray diffraction, phase transformations, and surface properties. The physics and chemistry of energy materials, synthetic nanomaterials will be included with emphasis/focus on energy resources, environmental impact, and geopolitical implications. There are no mandatory prerequisites for this course, but students who have taken introductory chemistry and/or physics will be familiar with some concepts discussed, and will find the going easier. Some background in Earth science is assumed (at the level of PHYS213), and competence in basic chemistry is expected (some review will be provided where appropriate). The course is not mathematically intensive, but an appreciation of the fundamentals of calculus is important.
PHYS360 Topics in Astrobiology and Life in Extreme Environments
BIO111 and PHYS213
4.00
The discovery of extreme environments and new insights into evolution, emergence and sustenance of life has expanded the view of life into a broader feasibility outside Earth. Discovery of exoplanets has opened up serious scientific exploration towards search for life in other planets. This upperlevel course will introduce the scientific principles that underlie this newly evolving science of astrobiology. Discussion will include unique perspectives in life at extreme environments within Earth and their implication to the concepts of evolution and origins of life that form the basis for better understanding the habitability within our planet as well as any possibility of life in other planets.
PHYS361 Classical Mechanics I
PHYS 152 ; MATH 265 which may be taken concurrently
4.00
Newton's laws of motion, projectiles, momentum, energy, conservation laws, oscillations, Lagrange equations, generalized momenta, central forces, orbits. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS362 Classical Mechanics II
PHYS 361
4.00
Mechanics in noninertial frames, rotational motion of rigid bodies, coupled oscillations, nonlinear mechanics and chaos, Hamiltonian mechanics, collision theory, continuum mechanics. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS381 Observational Astronomy
PHYS 151 AND PHYS 152 OR PHYS 153.
2.00 3.00
The topics covered include theoretical foundations of observational astronomy, designs of telescopes, instrumentation for telescopes, data acquisition and management, as well as practical problems in observational astronomy. Offered together with the laboratory component PHYS L381.
PHYSL381 Laboratory Research Assistantship III
Permission of Dept. Chair Required
1.00 2.00
The topics covered include theoretical foundations of observational astronomy, designs of telescopes, instrumentation for telescopes, data acquisition and management, as well as practical problems in observational astronomy.
PHYS411 Undergraduate Research in Physics
Senior Standing
4.00
The senior project is the capstone research experience of the undergraduate Physics Major. This one semester course requires students to work one on one with faculty in an area of mutually agreed upon research. In general, the effort will involve the use of mathematical and programming skills, laboratory techniques, and possibly field work. The end result will be both a paper and a formal presentation to both faculty and students.
PHYS431 Undergraduate Research in Physics
4.00
This course provides a mechanism for students to receive academic credit for engaging in research. A faculty member in the physics department will serve as the research advisor for each student. This faculty advisor will have the primary responsibility for overseeing each individual student's work and will decide the grade for the course. The research project may be initiated by the student or by a faculty member.
PHYS451 Modern Physics I
PHYS 152
4.00
Atoms and elementary particles, atomic, molecular and nuclear systems. Quantum states and probability amplitude, wave mechanics, and thermal properties of matter. Atomic spectra and structure, and molecular systems. Nuclear reactions, alpha and beta decay, and high energy physics.
PHYS453 Modern Physics
PHYS153;
4.00
Topics include atoms and elementary particles, atomic, molecular and nuclear systems. Quantum states and probability amplitude, wave mechanics and thermal properties of matter. Atomic spectra and structure, and molecular systems. Nuclear reactions, alpha and beta decay and high energy physics. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYSL455 Advanced Laboratory
PHYS453
2.00
Classical and modern experiments in physics; Experiments may include Frank Hertz experiment, Hall effect, nuclear magnetic resonance, quantum dots, detection of muons, xray spectroscopy, ellipsometry, physics of timbre of musical instruments, data acquisition.
PHYS461 Quantum Mechanics I
PHYS361
4.00
Nonrelativistic study of particle systems, wave mechanical treatment, development of the concepts of observables, state vectors, operators and matrix representations. Hilbert space, angular momenta, coupling, symmetries, scattering, and perturbation theory. Harmonic oscillator and Hydrogen atom. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once a week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS463 Stellar Astrophysics
PHYS152
4.00
Physics of stars. Stellar atmospheres. Stellar interiors. Stellar evolution.
PHYS464 Statistical Physics
PHYS153/L153. PHYS362 or 363.
4.00
Macroscopic objects are made up of huge numbers of fundamental particles whose interactions are well understood. Physical properties that emerge from these interactions are, however, not simply related to these fundamental interactions. In this course we will develop the tools of statistical physics, which will allow us to predict emergent cooperative phenomena. We will apply those tools to a wide variety of physical questions, including the behavior of glasses, polymers, heat engines, magnets, and electrons in solids. Computer simulations will be extensively used to aid visualization and provide concrete realization of models in order to impart deeper understanding of statistical physics.
PHYS477 Electricity and Magnetism
Take PHYS152 and PHYSL152
4.00
Electrostatic field energy, methods for solution of boundary value problems. The magnetostatic field and magnetic circuits. Electromagnetic field energy, plane waves, wave guides and cavity resonators. Interaction of charge particles with electromagnetic fields. This course is available in a hybrid/online format where all lectures are online and meetings with the instructor are required once per week. These meetings are for the purpose of helping students with homework problems, points in the video lectures they did not understand, or quizzes to test students' currency with the online material. These meetings are typically scheduled in a classroom but it is possible for a small number of students abroad to make special arrangements with the instructor so that the weekly meetings are held using online technology which supports voice and equation writing (such as the virtual classroom in Blackboard collaboration).
PHYS500 Experiential Learning in Physics
0.00
This course requires students to complete a minimum of 15 engagement hours per semester. Students gain exposure to a variety of activities related to research in a laboratory or field setting with faculty oversight. Permission of instructor required. May be taken more than once.
PHYS510 Independent Study
1.00 4.00
Directed reading, lectures, seminar and research in selected areas of special interest.
PHYSH533 Honors Special Topics in Physics
Take PHYS153; Honors students only.
2.00 4.00
Special topics not covered in other 300/400level physics courses. Topics can range from General Relativity to Relativistic quantum mechanics, depending on student interest.
PHYS570 Internship in Physics
At least 54 credits
2.00 4.00
Those students who intend to complete an internship must secure their own internship position prior to the start of the semester. The Career Development Center maintains a list of potential internship sites
SCI111 Introduction to Astronomy
MATH128 or higher and SCIL111 must be taken concurrently.
3.00
History of Astronomy from the ancients to Newton; light; telescopes; sun, earth, moon planets, comets, asteroids, meteors; space programs, science and technology in society. Course culminates with a visit to the Clay Center Observatory, where students will be able to make first hand observations. For nonscience majors.
SCIL111 Introduction to Astronomy Lab
Take SCI111 concurrently
1.00
Laboratory experiments and exercises to illustrate the principles discussed in Science 111. Observational exercises using the Celestron telescope, astrophotography exercises, and computer simulations. Course culminates with a visit to the Clay Center Observatory, where students will be able to make first hand observations.
SCI112 Structure of the Universe
MATH128 or higher and SCIL112 concurrently
3.00
Astronomy of the cosmos; sun, stars, interstellar materials, galaxies, pulsars, quasars, black holes; nature of time relativity, cosmology. Course culminates with a visit to the Clay Center Observatory, where students will be able to make first hand observations. For nonscience majors.
SCIL112 Structure of the Universe Lab
Take SCI112 concurrently
1.00
Laboratory experiments and exercises to illustrate the principles discussed in Science 112. Observational exercises using the Celestron telescope, astrophotography exercises, and computer simulations. Course culminates with a visit to the Clay Center Observatory, where students will be able to make first hand observations.
SCI113 A Habitable Earth Within the Solar System
4.00
This course introduces nonscience majors to concepts that are central to making our planet habitable. It presents Earth in context of the solar system with a broad view of global climate change and energy resources in a quest to better understand the workings our planet. This course on Earth and Planetary Science is suitable for students who may have taken their last science and math course several years ago, or are just curious about knowing facts on major issues that pertain to the future of our planet. Together with a reading component, this course aims to give students a flavor of how researchers think, investigate and develop conclusions that directly affect our political and economic future. Topics covered in this course range from the solar system to the study of search for other habitable Earthlike planets, search for extraterrestrial life, and evolution of life on Earth. Other characteristics of this course are heavy use of audiovisual materials often including computer animations and simulations, inclass experiment demonstration, and intensive use of INTERNETbased resources.
SCI165 Inner Workings of Physics Universe
4.00
About 15 billion years ago, (data indicate) the big bang occurred and the universe was born. With it came physical laws and a spectacular array of consequences that lead to the universe as we know it. This nonlab , 4 credit course explores the inner workings of the physical universe in terms of the scientific inquiry which lead to Newton's laws, an understanding of energy, waves, light, electricity, atomic structure, chemical reactions, nuclear physics, particle physics, relativity, and the big bang theory. During the course, students will learn to make use of modern resources to access scientific and technical literature to research a scientific topic. They will learn to distinguish between science and technology (e.g. quantum mechanics and nanotechnology, the discovery of the Higgs boson and the large hadron collider that made it possible, etc.) and to understand how the science, technology, and engineering disciplines play a crucial role in recognizing and solving problems of society and the world that we share.
SCIH171 The Built World: How Humans Engineer Environments Honors
Honors students or at least a 3.3 GPA only
4.00
The most basic needs of humans have not changed  water, food, and shelter  but the means of meeting these needs has. In this course, we will examine how technologydriven societies operate by studying how cities are built and how they function. Topics will include water supply and distribution systems; transportation systems (including road and bridge design and construction); building design, construction, and operation (including skyscraper and sustainable building design), and waste removal systems (municipal and industrial wastewater removal and treatment, solid waste removal and treatment). This is not a course about little gadgets and widgets; this is a course about big engineering marvels; and it emphasizes applications of science  how things work  rather than scientific theory.
SCI181 Science and Life in the 21st Century
4.00
No longer offered on Boston campus This is a four credit, nonlab, science course that examines the central scientific problems confronting the 21st century. The course studies particular topics and teaches the necessary science around these topics to provide a good understanding of the issues. The topics currently are: Energy, Science and Economic Decisions, Sustainability of Life on Earth, Health and Science.
SCI201 Physics for Future Presidents
4.00
This course presents a topical introduction to the key principles and concepts of physics in the context of the world events and natural phenomena that confront world leaders and that require informed decisions and responses. Energy, health, counterterrorism, remote sensing, space programs, nuclear proliferation, and a host of other modern challenges have technological and scientific dimensions, the understanding of which is essential to avoiding disastrous policy decisions. This course considers the application of physics to these societal challenges. The material is covered at a level and pace that a future world leader should be able to handle; the emphasis is on the development of physical reasoning skills, and not on detailed, mathematical problem solving.
SCI210 Earth and Planetary Crystals
Take SCIL210 concurrently
3.00
This course will provide undergraduate students of various disciplines with an introduction to gems and crystals using interactive, evidencebased teaching approaches. Crystalline forms of matter are critical to our existence. Using innovative teaching strategies of inclass handson demonstration, supplemented with visuals of crystal details, the course provides students insights into the formation, alteration and unique properties that make crystals invaluable. Topics range from the study of proteins and nucleic acids to the interior of planets. The inclass lectures will provide a basic guide that will serve as a platform for individually catered indepth study. Therefore, the course is open to advanced students as well, who can pick up higher level of information for discussion and class projects.
SCIL210 Earth and Planetary Crystals Laboratory
Take SCI210 concurrently
1.00
This course introduces concepts that are central to understanding crystals, gemstones and other natural materials abundant throughout the solar system. It includes an introduction to carbonbased crystals (diamonds, proteins, viruses and ices) in context with origins of life, geopolitical significance and their applications This laboratorybased course is an introduction to modern tools and techniques for crystal analysis with a historical context of some of the greatest discoveries in science (DNA, and other nanomaterials). It presents crystals and gems from their visually appealing point of view to their sometimesdramatic physical characteristics, with a broad view of their formation, occurrence, physics, chemistry and resources perspective.
SCI360 Planetary Science and Astrobiology
Take SCIL360 concurrently.
3.00
This course introduces concepts that are central to understanding of life on Earth, feasibility and the search for life in the universe. The approach of this course is multidisciplinary focus on the life's origins, habitability, and the possibility of life elsewhere through space exploration of possible habitable (Earthlike) environments in our solar system and beyond. The main theme of the course is to understand the habitability of Earth in context with alien environments. We will explore the scientific understanding of life in extreme environments and detection of life itself. With Mt. Teide volcano (Tenerife) as our laboratory, we will explore the evolution and emergence of life in new environments in context with astrophysical observations and biochemical principles that sustain life processes. The core theme of this Interdisciplinary Science focused course is suitable for students who may have taken their last science and math course several years ago, or are just curious about knowing facts on Life on Earth and the science behind the search for life in other planetary bodies. Together with a reading component, this course aims to give students a flavor of how researchers think, work in the field, make observations and build hypothesis. Topics covered in this course range from origins to life, life in extreme environments, search for habitable exoplanets and defining the habitable zone in the universe.
SCIL360 Planetary Science and Astrobiology Lab
Take SCI360 concurrently.
1.00
This is the laboratory component of the course on Planetary Science and Astrobiology. in which we develop the scientific understanding of life in extreme environments and detection of life itself. With Mt. Teide volcano (Tenerife) as our laboratory, we will explore the evolution and emergence of life in new environments in context with astrophysical observations and biochemical principles that sustain life processes.